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Called svastika in Sanskrit, it is a symbol of auspiciousness in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
In the Western world, the swastika since the 1930s has mostly been associated with the flag of Nazi Germany and the Nazi Party.

The Swastika (also known as the gammadion cross, cross cramponnée, or wanzi) (as a character: 卐 or 卍) is a symbol that generally takes the form of an equilateral cross, with its four legs bent at 90 degrees.<ref name="MigSym" /><ref name="CambDict">Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Cambridge University Press, 2008, p.1472</ref> It is considered to be a sacred and auspicious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.<ref name="p.97">The Handbook of Tibetan Buddhist Symbols, Robert Beer, Serindia Publications, Inc., 2003, p.97 The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z, by James G. Lochtefeld, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002, p. 678</ref>

It has been used as a decorative element in various cultures since at least the Neolithic, and is found on a man's tunic depicted in a Roman mosaic at the Villa Romana del Casale in Sicily. It also appears on a mosaic floor at the Lullingstone Roman Villa in Kent, England. It is known most widely as an important symbol long used in Indian religions, denoting "auspiciousness." It was adopted as such in pre-World War I-Europe and later, and most notably, by the Nazi Party and Nazi Germany prior to World War II. In many Western countries, the swastika has been highly stigmatized because of its use in and association with Nazism.<ref name="Rosenberg">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It continues to be commonly used as a religious symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism.<ref name="p.97"/>

Western literature's older term for the symbol, gammadion cross, derives mainly from its appearance, which is identical to four Greek gamma letters affixed to each other.<ref name=etymology>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The name swastika comes from the Sanskrit word svastika (Devanagari: स्वस्तिक), meaning "lucky or auspicious object".<ref name=etymology/>


Swastika sections
Intro   Names    Symbol in various scripts    Geometry    Origin hypotheses    Archeological record    Worldwide use    As the symbol of Nazism    Post-WWII stigmatization    Contemporary use in Asia    New religious movements    See also    References    Bibliography    External links   

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

Called svastika in Sanskrit, it is a symbol of auspiciousness in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
In the Western world, the swastika since the 1930s has mostly been associated with the flag of Nazi Germany and the Nazi Party.

The Swastika (also known as the gammadion cross, cross cramponnée, or wanzi) (as a character: 卐 or 卍) is a symbol that generally takes the form of an equilateral cross, with its four legs bent at 90 degrees.<ref name="MigSym" /><ref name="CambDict">Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Cambridge University Press, 2008, p.1472</ref> It is considered to be a sacred and auspicious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.<ref name="p.97">The Handbook of Tibetan Buddhist Symbols, Robert Beer, Serindia Publications, Inc., 2003, p.97 The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z, by James G. Lochtefeld, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002, p. 678</ref>

It has been used as a decorative element in various cultures since at least the Neolithic, and is found on a man's tunic depicted in a Roman mosaic at the Villa Romana del Casale in Sicily. It also appears on a mosaic floor at the Lullingstone Roman Villa in Kent, England. It is known most widely as an important symbol long used in Indian religions, denoting "auspiciousness." It was adopted as such in pre-World War I-Europe and later, and most notably, by the Nazi Party and Nazi Germany prior to World War II. In many Western countries, the swastika has been highly stigmatized because of its use in and association with Nazism.<ref name="Rosenberg">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It continues to be commonly used as a religious symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism.<ref name="p.97"/>

Western literature's older term for the symbol, gammadion cross, derives mainly from its appearance, which is identical to four Greek gamma letters affixed to each other.<ref name=etymology>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The name swastika comes from the Sanskrit word svastika (Devanagari: स्वस्तिक), meaning "lucky or auspicious object".<ref name=etymology/>


Swastika sections
Intro   Names    Symbol in various scripts    Geometry    Origin hypotheses    Archeological record    Worldwide use    As the symbol of Nazism    Post-WWII stigmatization    Contemporary use in Asia    New religious movements    See also    References    Bibliography    External links   

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