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Ottoman Imperial Standard
Ottoman Empire in 1683, at the height of its territorial expansion

The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Osmanlı padişahları{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), made up solely of the members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922. At its height, the Ottoman Empire spanned from Hungary in the north to Somalia in the south, and from Algeria in the west to Iran in the east. Administered at first from the city of Bursa, the empire's capital was moved to Edirne in 1363 following its conquest by Murad I, and then to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) in 1453 following its conquest by Mehmed II.<ref>Stavrides 2001, p. 21</ref>

The Ottoman Empire's early years have been the subject of varying narratives due to the difficulty of discerning fact from legend; nevertheless, most modern scholars agree that the empire came into existence around 1299 and that its first ruler (and the namesake of the Empire) was Osman I Khan (leader) of the Kayı tribe of the Oghuz Turks.<ref>Glazer 1996, "The Ottoman Empire"</ref> The eponymous Ottoman dynasty he founded endured for six centuries through the reigns of 36 sultans. The Ottoman Empire disappeared as a result of the defeat of the Central Powers with whom it had allied itself during World War I. The partitioning of the Empire by the victorious Allies and the ensuing Turkish War of Independence led to the abolition of the sultanate in 1922 and the birth of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923.<ref>Glazer 1996, "War of Independence"</ref>


List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire sections
Intro  State organisation of the Ottoman Empire  List of sultans  Interregnum period (1402\u20131413)  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  External links  

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Ottoman Imperial Standard
Ottoman Empire in 1683, at the height of its territorial expansion

The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Osmanlı padişahları{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), made up solely of the members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922. At its height, the Ottoman Empire spanned from Hungary in the north to Somalia in the south, and from Algeria in the west to Iran in the east. Administered at first from the city of Bursa, the empire's capital was moved to Edirne in 1363 following its conquest by Murad I, and then to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) in 1453 following its conquest by Mehmed II.<ref>Stavrides 2001, p. 21</ref>

The Ottoman Empire's early years have been the subject of varying narratives due to the difficulty of discerning fact from legend; nevertheless, most modern scholars agree that the empire came into existence around 1299 and that its first ruler (and the namesake of the Empire) was Osman I Khan (leader) of the Kayı tribe of the Oghuz Turks.<ref>Glazer 1996, "The Ottoman Empire"</ref> The eponymous Ottoman dynasty he founded endured for six centuries through the reigns of 36 sultans. The Ottoman Empire disappeared as a result of the defeat of the Central Powers with whom it had allied itself during World War I. The partitioning of the Empire by the victorious Allies and the ensuing Turkish War of Independence led to the abolition of the sultanate in 1922 and the birth of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923.<ref>Glazer 1996, "War of Independence"</ref>


List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire sections
Intro  State organisation of the Ottoman Empire  List of sultans  Interregnum period (1402\u20131413)  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: State organisation of the Ottoman Empire
<<>>