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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}

A Sikh ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; sikkh [sɪkkʰ]) is a follower of Sikhism, a monotheistic dharma which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of South Asia.<ref>Dr. Gopal Singh, HP University, book = "The Politics of Sikh Homeland"</ref> The term "Sikh" has its origin in the Sanskrit words शिष्य (śiṣya; disciple, student) or शिक्ष (śikṣa; instruction).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>(Punjabi){{#invoke:Category handler|main}} {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> A Sikh, according to Article I of the Sikh Rehat Maryada (the Sikh code of conduct), is "any human being who faithfully believes in One Immortal Being; ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh; Guru Granth Sahib; the teachings of the ten Gurus and the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> "Sikh" properly refers to adherents of Sikhism as a religion, not an ethnic group. However, because Sikhism has seldom sought converts, most Sikhs share strong ethno-religious ties. Many countries, such as the United Kingdom, therefore recognize Sikh as a designated ethnicity on their censuses.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The American non-profit organization United Sikhs has fought to have Sikh included on the U.S. census as well, arguing that Sikhs "self-identify as an 'ethnic minority'" and believe "that they are more than just a religion".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Male Sikhs have "Singh" (Lion), and female Sikhs have "Kaur" (princess) as their middle or last name. Sikhs who have undergone the khanḍe-kī-pahul (the Sikh initiation ceremony) may also be recognised by the five Ks: Kesh uncut hair which is kept covered, usually by a turban to protect the Dasam Duwar ("god head"); an iron or steel bracelet (kara); a kirpan (a sword tucked into a gatra strap or a kamal kasar belt); kachehra, a cotton undergarment, and kanga, a small wooden comb. Initiated male and female Sikhs must cover their hair with a turban. The greater Punjab region is the historic homeland of the Sikhs, although significant communities exist around the world.


Sikh sections
Intro  History  Culture and religious observations  Demographics  Representation  [[Sikh?section={{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}In_the_Indian_and_British_armies|{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}In the Indian and British armies]]  Diaspora  Art and culture  See also  References and notes  Further reading  External links  

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Sikhs::singh    Title::punjab    April::indian    First::india    Sikhism::british    United::journal

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}

A Sikh ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; sikkh [sɪkkʰ]) is a follower of Sikhism, a monotheistic dharma which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of South Asia.<ref>Dr. Gopal Singh, HP University, book = "The Politics of Sikh Homeland"</ref> The term "Sikh" has its origin in the Sanskrit words शिष्य (śiṣya; disciple, student) or शिक्ष (śikṣa; instruction).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>(Punjabi){{#invoke:Category handler|main}} {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> A Sikh, according to Article I of the Sikh Rehat Maryada (the Sikh code of conduct), is "any human being who faithfully believes in One Immortal Being; ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh; Guru Granth Sahib; the teachings of the ten Gurus and the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> "Sikh" properly refers to adherents of Sikhism as a religion, not an ethnic group. However, because Sikhism has seldom sought converts, most Sikhs share strong ethno-religious ties. Many countries, such as the United Kingdom, therefore recognize Sikh as a designated ethnicity on their censuses.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The American non-profit organization United Sikhs has fought to have Sikh included on the U.S. census as well, arguing that Sikhs "self-identify as an 'ethnic minority'" and believe "that they are more than just a religion".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Male Sikhs have "Singh" (Lion), and female Sikhs have "Kaur" (princess) as their middle or last name. Sikhs who have undergone the khanḍe-kī-pahul (the Sikh initiation ceremony) may also be recognised by the five Ks: Kesh uncut hair which is kept covered, usually by a turban to protect the Dasam Duwar ("god head"); an iron or steel bracelet (kara); a kirpan (a sword tucked into a gatra strap or a kamal kasar belt); kachehra, a cotton undergarment, and kanga, a small wooden comb. Initiated male and female Sikhs must cover their hair with a turban. The greater Punjab region is the historic homeland of the Sikhs, although significant communities exist around the world.


Sikh sections
Intro  History  Culture and religious observations  Demographics  Representation  [[Sikh?section={{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}In_the_Indian_and_British_armies|{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}In the Indian and British armies]]  Diaspora  Art and culture  See also  References and notes  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: History
<<>>