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::Puerto Rico

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Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Ioannes est nomen eius"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (language?)
Anthem: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}The Star-Spangled Banner[a]
Status Unincorporated Territory
Capital
and largest city
San Juan
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:18|27|N|66|6|W|type:city||

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Official languages Spanish and English
Ethnic groups {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Demonym {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Sovereign state United States
Government Unincorporated territory of the United States
 -  President Barack Obama
 -  Governor Alejandro García Padilla
 -  U.S. Senators Vacant
 -  U.S. House Delegation Resident Commissioner Pedro Pierluisi (D)
Legislature Legislative Assembly
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Unincorporated territory within the United States
 -  Cession from Spain December 10, 1898 
 -  Jones–Shafroth Act March 2, 1917 
 -  Commonwealth Constitution July 25, 1952 
Area
 -  Total 9,104 km2 (169th)
3,515 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.6
Population
 -  2014 estimate 3,548,397<ref name=PopEstUS/> (130th)
 -  Density 418/km2 (29th)
1,082/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $127 billion<ref>"Gross domestic product 2012, PPP", World Bank, accessed on 11 Aug 2013</ref> (72nd)
 -  Per capita $34,527<ref>"GDP per capita, PPP (current international $)", World Development Indicators database, World Bank. Database updated on 8 May 2014. Accessed on 10 May 2014.</ref> (29th)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $105.1 billion<ref name="World Development Indicators">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Per capita $28,509<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Gini (2011)53.1<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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high
HDI (2012)0.865<ref>An Approximation of Puerto Rico's Human Development Index (Forthcoming), Ricardo R. Fuentes-Ramírez, Caribbean Studies Journal Archived 13 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine</ref>
very high · 29th
Currency United States dollar ($) (USD)
Time zone Atlantic (UTC-4)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC-4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +1-787, +1-939
ISO 3166 code PR
Internet TLD .pr
a. ^ "The Star-Spangled Banner" serves as the national anthem for the United States of America and its territories.

Puerto Rico ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}};Unknown extension tag "ref" Spanish: [ˈpweɾto ˈriko]), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, literally the "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico"), is a United States territory located in the northeastern Caribbean. Puerto Rico is an archipelago that includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands. The capital and largest city is San Juan. The territory does not observe daylight saving time, and its official languages are Spanish, which is predominant, and English.<ref>http://www.prfaa.pr.gov/puertoricond2.asp</ref> The island's population is approximately 3.6 million.

Puerto Rico's rich history, tropical climate, diverse natural scenery, renowned traditional cuisine and attractive tax incentives make it a popular destination for visitors from around the world. Its location in the Caribbean, combined with centuries of colonization and subsequent migration, has made Puerto Rican culture a distinct melting pot of Amerindian, Spanish, African and North American influences.<ref>Puerto Rico Convention Center. "Puerto Rico: Culture". About Puerto Rico.</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="morales-carrion-political-and-cultural-history">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Originally populated by the aboriginal Taíno people, the island was claimed in 1493 by Christopher Columbus for the Kingdom of Spain, enduring several invasion attempts by the French, Dutch, and British. During the four centuries of Spanish rule, the island's cultural and physical landscape were transformed, with European knowledge, customs, and traditions being introduced, especially Roman Catholicism and the Spanish language. In 1898, following the Spanish American War, Spain ceded the island to the United States under the terms of the Treaty of Paris.

Puerto Ricans are natural-born citizens of the United States.<ref>8 U.S. Code § 1402 - Persons born in Puerto Rico on or after April 11, 1899 (1941) Retrieved: January 14, 2015.</ref> The territory operates under a local constitution, and its citizens elect a governor. Puerto Rico's residents are unable to vote in the U.S. Congress, which has plenary jurisdiction over the territory under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950. A 2012 referendum showed a majority (54% of the electorate) disagreed with "the present form of territorial status," with full statehood as the preferred option among those who voted for a change of status.<ref name="ballot">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Following this vote, the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico enacted a concurrent resolution to request the President and the Congress of the United States to end the current status and to begin the process to admit Puerto Rico to the Union as a State.<ref>The Senate and the House of Representative of Puerto Rico Concurrent Resolution</ref> As of 2015, Puerto Rico remains an unincorporated U.S. territory.


Puerto Rico sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Government and politics  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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