Poseidon::greek    Daughter::burkert    Possibly::first    Title::demeter    Walter::nymph    Horses::plato


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Poseidon ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Greek: Ποσειδῶν{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, pronounced [pose͜edɔ́͜ɔn]) is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology. His main domain is the ocean, and he is called the "God of the Sea". Additionally, he is referred to as "Earth-Shaker"<ref>Modern Greek media (e.g. "The Pacific: A history full of earthquakes" Ta Nea, 2011) and scholars (e.g. Koutouzis, Vassilis Volcanoes and Earthquakes in Troizinia) do not metaphorically refer to Poseidon but instead to Enceladus, the chief of the ancient Giants, to denote earthquakes in Greece.</ref> due to his role in causing earthquakes, and has been called the "tamer of horses".<ref name="Burkert1985Poseidon">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> He is usually depicted as an older male with curly hair and beard.

The name of the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan was adopted in Latin for Neptune in Roman mythology; both were sea gods analogous to Poseidon. Linear B tablets show that Poseidon was venerated at Pylos and Thebes in pre-Olympian Bronze Age Greece as a chief deity, but he was integrated into the Olympian gods as the brother of Zeus and Hades.<ref name="Burkert1985Poseidon" /> According to some folklore, he was saved by his mother Rhea, who concealed him among a flock of lambs and pretended to have given birth to a colt, which was devoured by Cronos.<ref name="ReferenceA">In the 2nd century AD, a well with the name of Arne, the "lamb's well", in the neighbourhood of Mantineia in Arcadia, where old traditions lingered, was shown to Pausanias. (Pausanias viii.8.2.)</ref>

There is a Homeric hymn to Poseidon, who was the protector of many Hellenic cities, although he lost the contest for Athens to Athena. According to the references from Plato in his dialogues Timaeus and Critias, the island of Atlantis was the chosen domain of Poseidon.<ref>The story of Atlantis. Retrieved October 02, 2012.</ref><ref name="Plato1971Penguin">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="ReferenceB">Timaeus 24e–25a, R. G. Bury translation (Loeb Classical Library).</ref><ref name="ReferenceC">Also it has been interpreted that Plato or someone before him in the chain of the oral or written tradition of the report accidentally changed the very similar Greek words for "bigger than" ("meson") and "between" ("mezon") – {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Poseidon sections
Intro   Etymology    Bronze Age Greece   Worship of Poseidon   Poseidon in mythology    Poseidon in literature and art    Notes    References   

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