::Persian Iraq


Region::regions    Encyclop::ancient    Persian::title    Media::articles    Iranica::arabic    ''Iraq''::saveh

Persian Iraq (Persian: عراق عجم‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎; Arabic: عراق العجم‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), also spelled Persian Irak, is a historical term for the central-western region of Iran, including cities such as Isfahan, Ray, Qazvin, and Kashan. From the 11th to 19th centuries, the name Iraq referred to two neighbouring regions: Arabic Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿArab) and Persian Iraq (ʿIrāq-i ʿAjam). Arabic Iraq corresponded with ancient Babylonia (now central-southern Iraq), while Persian Iraq corresponded with ancient Media (now central-western Iran). The two regions were separated by the Zagros Mountains.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>"Iraq". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved January 30, 2006.</ref>

Later, until the beginning of the 20th century, the term Iraq in Iran was used to refer to a much smaller region south of Saveh and west of Qom. This region was centered by Sultanabad, which was renamed later as Arāk.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Persian Iraq sections
Intro  See also  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: See also