Penthesilea in the Epic Cycle::Penthesilea


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Penthesilea in the Epic Cycle Proclus, who summarized the lost epic poem, the Aethiopis of Arctinos of Miletus, of which only five lines survive in a quotation,<ref>Quintus Smyrnaeus on-line text.</ref> gave the events of Penthesilea's life. The story of Penthesilea segues so smoothly from the Iliad in the Epic Cycle that one manuscript tradition of the Iliad ends

"Such were the funeral games of Hector. And now there came an Amazon, the great-hearted daughter of man-slaying Ares."

According to Diodorus Siculus

"Now they say that Penthesileia was the last of the Amazons to win distinction for bravery and that for the future the race diminished more and more and then lost all its strength; consequently in later times, whenever any writers recount their prowess, men consider the ancient stories about the Amazons to be fictitious tales." (Diodorus Siculus, ii. 46).

Alongside Penthesilea were twelve other Amazons, including Antibrote, Ainia, and Clete. The rest were Alcibie, Antandre, Bremusa, Derimacheia, Derinoe, Harmothoe, Hippothoe, Polemusa, and Thermodosa.<ref>Julie Ruffell, "Brave women warriors of Greek myth: an Amazon roster" gives a long alphabetized list of Amazon names, but with no citations.</ref>

Penthesilea sections
Intro  Penthesilea in Quintus Smyrnaeus' Posthomerica  Penthesilea in the Epic Cycle  Death of Penthesilea  Robert Graves on Penthesilea  Theme of Penthesilea  Heinrich von Kleist's Penthesilea  Popular culture  Notes  References  

Penthesilea in the Epic Cycle
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