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Penthesilea (1862), by Gabriel-Vital Dubray (1813-1892). East façade of the Cour Carrée in the Louvre palace, Paris

Penthesilea (Greek: Πενθεσίλεια) or Penthesileia was an Amazonian queen in Greek mythology, the daughter of Ares and Otrera and the sister of Hippolyta, Antiope and Melanippe. Quintus Smyrnaeus<ref>Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomericai.18ff.</ref> explains more fully than pseudo-Apollodorus how Penthesilea came to be at Troy: Penthesilea had killed Hippolyta with a spear when they were hunting deer; this accident caused Penthesilea so much grief that she wished only to die, but, as a warrior and an Amazon, she had to do so honorably and in battle. She therefore was easily convinced to join in the Trojan War, fighting on the side of Troy's defenders.


Penthesilea sections
Intro  Penthesilea in Quintus Smyrnaeus' Posthomerica  Penthesilea in the Epic Cycle  Death of Penthesilea  Robert Graves on Penthesilea  Theme of Penthesilea  Heinrich von Kleist's Penthesilea  Popular culture  Notes  References  

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