Penthesilea (Greek: Πενθεσίλεια) or Penthesileia was an Amazonian queen in Greek mythology, the daughter of Ares and Otrera and the sister of Hippolyta, Antiope and Melanippe. Quintus Smyrnaeus<ref>Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomericai.18ff.</ref> explains more fully than pseudo-Apollodorus how Penthesilea came to be at Troy: Penthesilea had killed Hippolyta with a spear when they were hunting deer; this accident caused Penthesilea so much grief that she wished only to die, but, as a warrior and an Amazon, she had to do so honorably and in battle. She therefore was easily convinced to join in the Trojan War, fighting on the side of Troy's defenders.
Intro Penthesilea in Quintus Smyrnaeus' Posthomerica Penthesilea in the Epic Cycle Death of Penthesilea Robert Graves on Penthesilea Theme of Penthesilea Heinrich von Kleist's Penthesilea Popular culture Notes References
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