Art and architecture::Pattern


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Art and architecture

Elaborate ceramic tiles at Topkapi Palace


In visual art, pattern consists in regularity which in some way "organizes surfaces or structures in a consistent, regular manner." At its simplest, a pattern in art may be a geometric or other repeating shape in a painting, drawing, tapestry, ceramic tiling or carpet, but a pattern need not necessarily repeat exactly as long as it provides some form or organizing "skeleton" in the artwork.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In mathematics, a tessellation is the tiling of a plane using one or more geometric shapes (which mathematicians call tiles), with no overlaps and no gaps.<ref name=Grunbaum>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

In architecture

Patterns in architecture: the Virupaksha temple at Hampi has a fractal-like structure where the parts resemble the whole.


In architecture, motifs are repeated in various ways to form patterns. Most simply, structures such as windows can be repeated horizontally and vertically (see leading picture). Architects can use and repeat decorative and structural elements such as columns, pediments, and lintels.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Repetitions need not be identical; for example, temples in South India have a roughly pyramidal form, where elements of the pattern repeat in a fractal-like way at different sizes.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Pattern sections
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Art and architecture