::Omar al-Bashir


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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (Arabic: عمر حسن أحمد البشير‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; born 1 January 1944) is the President of Sudan and the head of the National Congress Party. He came to power in 1989 when, as a brigadier in the Sudanese Army, he led a group of officers in a military coup that ousted the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi after it began negotiations with rebels in the south.<ref name=reuters-factbox>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Since then, he has been elected three times as President in elections that have been under scrutiny for corruption.<ref name="">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In March 2009, al-Bashir became the first sitting president to be indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC), for allegedly directing a campaign of mass killing, rape, and pillage against civilians in Darfur.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

In October 2005, al-Bashir's government negotiated an end to the Second Sudanese Civil War,<ref name="South Sudan profile">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> leading to a referendum in the South, resulting in the separation of the south into the separate country of South Sudan. In the Darfur region, he oversaw the War in Darfur that has resulted in death tolls that are about 10,000 according to the Sudanese Government,<ref name=disputed>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> but most sources suggest between 200,000<ref name="conflict1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> and 400,000.<ref>>]</ref><ref>People's Daily Online – Darfur peace talks to resume in Abuja on Tuesday: AU</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> During his presidency, there have been several violent struggles between the Janjaweed militia and rebel groups such as the Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in the form of guerrilla warfare in the Darfur region. The civil war has displaced<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> over 2.5 million people out of a total population of 6.2 million in Darfur<ref>Darfur – overview,</ref> and has created a crisis in the diplomatic relations between Sudan and Chad.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The rebels in Darfur lost the support from Libya after the death of Muammar Gaddafi and the collapse of his regime in 2011.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

In July 2008, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno Ocampo, accused al-Bashir of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes in Darfur.<ref name=ocampo>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The court issued an arrest warrant for al-Bashir on 4 March 2009 on counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, but ruled that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him for genocide.<ref name=ICC-warrant/><ref name=BBC1>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> However, on 12 July 2010, the Court issued a second warrant containing three separate counts. The new warrant, as with the first, were delivered to the Sudanese government, which did not recognize it nor the ICC.<ref name=BBC1/> Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state indicted by the ICC.<ref name=BBC1/> The indictments do not allege that Bashir personally took part in such activities. Instead, they say, he is "suspected of being criminally responsible, as an indirect co-perpetrator".<ref name="">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Some international experts think it is unlikely that Ocampo has enough evidence.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The court's decision is opposed by the African Union, League of Arab States, Non-Aligned Movement, and the governments of Russia and China.<ref>DAILY NATION – After Bashir warrant, Sudan united in protest</ref><ref>International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues</ref>

A leak from WikiLeaks allegedly reveals that the Sudanese president had embezzled state funds amounting to US$9 billion, to which Lloyds Bank of England later rejected as "Lloyds insisted it was not aware of any link with Bashir" while a Sudanese government spokesman said that the claim that the president had taken the cash was "ludicrous" and attacked the motives of the prosecutor.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In an interview with the Guardian, al-Bashir said, referring to ICC Prosecuter Ocampo, "The biggest lie was when he said I have $9bn in one of the British banks, and thank God, the British bank and the [British] finance minister ... denied these allegations."<ref> The arrest warrant has actively increased public support for al-Bashir in Sudan.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

Omar al-Bashir sections
Intro  Early and family life  Military career  Presidency  See also  References  External links  

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