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The Ponce City Hall, in the city of Ponce, is the seat of the government for both the city and the surrounding barrios making up the municipality.
Map of all City Municipalities in Slovenia.

A municipality is usually an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government or jurisdiction. The term municipality is also used to mean the governing, ruling body of a municipality.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district. The term is derived from French "municipalité" and Latin "municipalis".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The English word "Municipality" derives from the Latin social contract "municipium", meaning duty holders, referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenship to the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy).

A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, or a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.

The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass

  • only one populated place such as a city, town, or village
  • several of such places (e.g., early jurisdictions in the state of New Jersey (1798–1899) as townships governing several villages, Municipalities of Mexico)
  • only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Municipality sections
Intro  Political powers  In various countries  Municipalities by country  See also   References    External links   

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