::Mount Olympus


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Olympus' highest peak, Mytikas

Mount Olympus ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Greek: Όλυμπος{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; also transliterated as Olympos, and on Greek maps, Oros Olympos) is the highest mountain in Greece and the second highest mountain in the Balkans. It is located in the Olympus Range on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, between the regional units of Pieria and Larissa, about {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} southwest from Thessaloniki. Mount Olympus has 52 peaks, deep gorges, and exceptional biodiversity.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The highest peak Mytikas, meaning "nose", rises to 2,919 metres (9,570 ft).<ref>Britannica Online</ref> It is one of the highest peaks in Europe in terms of topographic prominence.<ref name=peaklist/>

Olympus was notable in Greek Mythology as the home of the Twelve Olympians, on the Mytikas peak. Mount Olympus is also noted for its very rich flora with several species. It has been the first National Park of Greece, since 1938, and a World's Biosphere Reserve.

Every year thousands of people visit Olympus to admire its nature, to tour its slopes, and reach its peaks. Organized mountain refuges and various mountaineering and climbing routes are available to visitors, who want to explore its nature. The usual starting point for it is the town of Litochoro, on the eastern foothills of the mountain, 100 km from Thessaloniki, where, in the beginning of every summer, the Mountain Olympus Marathon terminates.

Mount Olympus sections
Intro  Geography  Geology  Morphology  Etymology  Mythology  History  Climbing expeditions  Ancient and medieval sites  Christian monuments  Climate  Flora  Fauna  National Park  Access to the region  Hiking trails  Mountaineering paths  Refuges  The path to the peaks  Coin  See also  References  

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