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Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it,<ref name="BECA">Geisler, Norman L. "Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics" page 446. Baker Books, 1999.</ref> although the term is not easily defined.<ref>Metaphysics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).</ref> Traditionally, metaphysics attempts to answer two basic questions in the broadest possible terms:<ref>What is it (that is, whatever it is that there is) like? </ref>

  1. Ultimately, what is there?
  2. What is it like?

A person who studies metaphysics is called a metaphysicist<ref>Random House Dictionary Online

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{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}}metaphysicist</ref> or a metaphysician.<ref>Random House Dictionary Online

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{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}}metaphysician</ref> The metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. Another central branch of metaphysics is cosmology, the study of the origin, fundamental structure, nature, and dynamics of the universe. Some include epistemology as another central focus of metaphysics, but others question this.

Prior to the modern history of science, scientific questions were addressed as a part of metaphysics known as natural philosophy. Originally, the term "science" (Latin scientia) simply meant "knowledge". The scientific method, however, transformed natural philosophy into an empirical activity deriving from experiment unlike the rest of philosophy. By the end of the 18th century, it had begun to be called "science" to distinguish it from philosophy. Thereafter, metaphysics denoted philosophical enquiry of a non-empirical character into the nature of existence.<ref name="Peter Gay pp. 132-141">Peter Gay, The Enlightenment, vol. 1 (The Rise of Modern Paganism), Chapter 3, Section II, pp. 132–141.</ref> Some philosophers of science, such as the neo-positivists, say that natural science rejects the study of metaphysics, while other philosophers of science strongly disagree.


Metaphysics sections
Intro  Etymology  Central questions  History and schools of metaphysics  Rejections of metaphysics   Metaphysics in science   See also  References  Bibliography  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}}

Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it,<ref name="BECA">Geisler, Norman L. "Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics" page 446. Baker Books, 1999.</ref> although the term is not easily defined.<ref>Metaphysics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).</ref> Traditionally, metaphysics attempts to answer two basic questions in the broadest possible terms:<ref>What is it (that is, whatever it is that there is) like? </ref>

  1. Ultimately, what is there?
  2. What is it like?

A person who studies metaphysics is called a metaphysicist<ref>Random House Dictionary Online

  1. REDIRECT

{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}}metaphysicist</ref> or a metaphysician.<ref>Random House Dictionary Online

  1. REDIRECT

{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}}metaphysician</ref> The metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. Another central branch of metaphysics is cosmology, the study of the origin, fundamental structure, nature, and dynamics of the universe. Some include epistemology as another central focus of metaphysics, but others question this.

Prior to the modern history of science, scientific questions were addressed as a part of metaphysics known as natural philosophy. Originally, the term "science" (Latin scientia) simply meant "knowledge". The scientific method, however, transformed natural philosophy into an empirical activity deriving from experiment unlike the rest of philosophy. By the end of the 18th century, it had begun to be called "science" to distinguish it from philosophy. Thereafter, metaphysics denoted philosophical enquiry of a non-empirical character into the nature of existence.<ref name="Peter Gay pp. 132-141">Peter Gay, The Enlightenment, vol. 1 (The Rise of Modern Paganism), Chapter 3, Section II, pp. 132–141.</ref> Some philosophers of science, such as the neo-positivists, say that natural science rejects the study of metaphysics, while other philosophers of science strongly disagree.


Metaphysics sections
Intro  Etymology  Central questions  History and schools of metaphysics  Rejections of metaphysics   Metaphysics in science   See also  References  Bibliography  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
<<>>