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To have legal personality means to be capable of having legal rights and obligations<ref name="oxdic">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }} </ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> within a certain legal system, such as entering into contracts, suing, and being sued.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Legal personality is a prerequisite to legal capacity, the ability of any legal person to amend (enter into, transfer, etc.) rights and obligations. In international law, consequently, legal personality is a prerequisite for an international organization to be able to sign international treaties in its own name.

Legal persons (lat. persona iuris) are of two kinds: natural persons (also called physical persons) and juridical persons (also called juridic, juristic, artificial, or fictitious persons, lat. persona ficta) – groups of individuals, such as corporations, which are treated by law as if they are persons.<ref name="oxdic" /><ref>[...] men in law and philosophy are natural persons. This might be taken to imply there are persons of another sort. And that is a fact. They are artificial persons or corporations [...] {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref>Besides men or “natural persons,” law knows persons of another kind. In particular it knows the corporation, and for a multitude of purposes it treats the corporation very much as it treats the man. Like the man, the corporation is (forgive this compound adjective) a right-and-duty-bearing unit. {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> While human beings acquire legal personhood when they are born, juridical persons do so when they are incorporated in accordance with law.


Legal personality sections
Intro   Juridical persons    Examples    Creation and history of the doctrine    Sample cases using the doctrine    Extension of basic rights to legal persons    See also    Notes    References   

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