::Land-grant university


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A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.

The Morrill Acts funded educational institutions by granting federally controlled land to the states for them to sell to raise funds to establish and endow "land-grant" colleges. The mission of these institutions as set forth in the 1862 Act is to focus on the teaching of practical agriculture, science, military science and engineering (though "without excluding ... classical studies"), as a response to the industrial revolution and changing social class.<ref>7 U.S.C. ยง 304</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> This mission was in contrast to the historic practice of higher education to focus on an abstract liberal arts curriculum.

Ultimately, most land-grant colleges became large public universities that today offer a full spectrum of educational opportunities. However, some land-grant colleges are private schools, including Cornell University, the University of Delaware, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Land-grant university sections
Intro  History   Hatch Act and Smith-Lever Act   Expansion  Nomenclature   Relevant legislation    See also    Notes   

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