::I Have a Dream


Speech::martin    Dream::title    Luther::king's    Dream::march    First::august    Which::america

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Protection banner|main}}

Martin Luther King Jr. delivering "I Have a Dream" at the 1963 Washington D.C. Civil Rights March.

{{#invoke:Listen|main}} "I Have a Dream" is a public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. on August 28, 1963, in which he calls for an end to racism in the United States. Delivered to over 250,000 civil rights supporters from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington, the speech was a defining moment of the American Civil Rights Movement.<ref>Hansen, D, D. (2003). The Dream: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Speech that Inspired a Nation. New York, NY: Harper Collins. p. 177.</ref>

Beginning with a reference to the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed millions of slaves in 1863,<ref>I Have a Dream: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Future of Multicultural America, James Echols - 2004</ref> King observes that: "one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free".<ref name=Alvarez>Alexandra Alvarez, "Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream': The Speech Event as Metaphor", Journal of Black Studies 18(3); doi:10.1177/002193478801800306.</ref> Toward the end of the speech, King departed from his prepared text for a partly improvised peroration on the theme "I have a dream", prompted by Mahalia Jackson's cry: "Tell them about the dream, Martin!"<ref>See Taylor Branch, Parting the Waters: America in the King Years 1954-1963.</ref> In this part of the speech, which most excited the listeners and has now become its most famous, King described his dreams of freedom and equality arising from a land of slavery and hatred.<ref name=Mills/> Jon Meacham writes that, "With a single phrase, Martin Luther King Jr. joined Jefferson and Lincoln in the ranks of men who've shaped modern America".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The speech was ranked the top American speech of the 20th century in a 1999 poll of scholars of public address.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

I Have a Dream sections
Intro  Background  The speech  The speech and rhetoric  Responses  Legacy  Copyright dispute  Original copy of the speech  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Background