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Herodotus ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Ancient Greek: Ἡρόδοτος{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Hēródotos, pronounced [hɛː.ró.do.tos]), a contemporary of Socrates, was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (c. 484–425 BC). Widely referred to as "The Father of History" (first conferred by Cicero),<ref>T. James Luce, The Greek Historians, 2002, p. 26.</ref> he was the first historian known to have broken from Homeric tradition to treat historical subjects as a method of investigation: specifically by collecting his materials systematically and critically, and then to arrange them into a historiographic narrative.<ref>New Oxford American Dictionary, "Herodotos", Oxford University Press</ref> The Histories—the only work he is known to have produced—is a record of his "inquiry" (or ἱστορία{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} historía, a word that passed into Latin and acquired its modern meaning of "history"), being an investigation of the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars and including a wealth of geographical and ethnographical information. Although some of his stories were fanciful and others inaccurate, he states he was reporting only what was told to him and was often correct in his information. Despite Herodotus' historical significance, little is known of his personal history.

Today, The Histories is generally regarded as a masterpiece of non-fiction.


Herodotus sections
Intro  Place in history  Life  Reliability  Herodotus and myth  See also  Notes  Translations  Further reading  External links  

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