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Hera ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, Greek Ἥρᾱ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Hērā, equivalently Ἥρη{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Hērē, in Ionic and Homer) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. Her counterpart in the religion of ancient Rome was Juno.<ref name=Lar>Larousse Desk Reference Encyclopedia, The Book People, Haydock, 1995, p. 215.</ref> The cow, lion and the peacock were considered sacred to her. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus.

Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos (a high cylindrical crown worn by several of the Great Goddesses), Hera may bear a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy.<ref>Ruck, Carl A.P., and Danny Staples, The World of Classical Myth, 1994.</ref> Scholar of Greek mythology Walter Burkert writes in Greek Religion, "Nevertheless, there are memories of an earlier aniconic representation, as a pillar in Argos and as a plank in Samos."<ref>Walter Burkert, Greek Religion, (Harvard University Press) 1985, p. 131</ref>

Hera was known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus's lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her, such as Pelias. Paris also earned Hera's hatred by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess.


Hera sections
Intro  Etymology  Cult  Emblems  Children and Zeus  Other stories involving Hera  In popular media  Genealogy of the Olympians in Greek mythology  See also  Notes  Sources  External links  

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