::Great Sphinx of Giza


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    The Great Sphinx of Giza, 2015
S10.08 Gizeh, image 9627.jpg
Views, Objects: Egypt. Gizeh [selected images]. View 06: Sphinx and Pyramid., n.d. Brooklyn Museum Archives

The Great Sphinx of Giza (Arabic: أبو الهول‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Abū al-Haul, ; literally: Father of Dread), commonly referred to as the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx (a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head) that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. The face of the Sphinx is generally believed to represent the face of the Pharaoh Khafra.

It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} long, {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} wide, and {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} high.<ref name="Emporis">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558–2532 BC).<ref name="Emporis" /><ref>Dunford, Jane; Fletcher, Joann; French, Carole (ed., 2007). Egypt: Eyewitness Travel Guide. London: Dorling Kindersley, 2007. ISBN 978-0-7566-2875-8.</ref>

Great Sphinx of Giza sections
Intro   Construction    Origin and identity    Medical analysis    Restoration    Missing nose and beard    Mythology    Images over the centuries    Gallery    Notable documentaries    See also   Notes   References    External links   

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