Gases::pressure    Volume::ideal    Which::particle    These::number    Forces::system    State::constant

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Gas phase particles (atoms, molecules, or ions) move around freely in the absence of an applied electric field.

Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma). A pure gas may be made up of individual atoms (e.g. a noble gas like neon), elemental molecules made from one type of atom (e.g. oxygen), or compound molecules made from a variety of atoms (e.g. carbon dioxide). A gas mixture would contain a variety of pure gases much like the air. What distinguishes a gas from liquids and solids is the vast separation of the individual gas particles. This separation usually makes a colorless gas invisible to the human observer. The interaction of gas particles in the presence of electric and gravitational fields are considered negligible as indicated by the constant velocity vectors in the image. One type of commonly known gas is steam.

The gaseous state of matter is found between the liquid and plasma states,<ref>This early 20th century discussion infers what is regarded as the plasma state. See page 137 of American Chemical Society, Faraday Society, Chemical Society (Great Britain) The Journal of physical chemistry, Volume 11 Cornell (1907).</ref> the latter of which provides the upper temperature boundary for gases. Bounding the lower end of the temperature scale lie degenerative quantum gases<ref>The work by T. Zelevinski provides another link to latest research about Strontium in this new field of study. See {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> which are gaining increasing attention.<ref>for links material on the Bose–Einstein condensate see Quantum Gas Microscope Offers Glimpse Of Quirky Ultracold Atoms. ScienceDaily. 4 November 2009.</ref> High-density atomic gases super cooled to incredibly low temperatures are classified by their statistical behavior as either a Bose gas or a Fermi gas. For a comprehensive listing of these exotic states of matter see list of states of matter.

Gas sections
Intro   Elemental gases   Etymology  Physical characteristics  Macroscopic  Microscopic  Simplified models  Historical synthesis  Special topics  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  

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