::Fair use


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  • Outline of intellectual property


Fair use is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work. In United States copyright law, fair use is a doctrine that permits limited use of copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders. Examples of fair use include commentary, search engines, criticism, parody, news reporting, research, teaching, library archiving and scholarship. It provides for the legal, unlicensed citation or incorporation of copyrighted material in another author's work under a four-factor balancing test.

The term "fair use" originated in the United States.<ref>Folsom v. Marsh, 9 F. Cas. 342, No. 4,901 (C.C.D. Mass. 1841)</ref> A similar-sounding principle, fair dealing, exists in some other common law jurisdictions but in fact it is more similar in principle to the enumerated exceptions found under civil law systems. Civil law jurisdictions have other limitations and exceptions to copyright.

Fair use is one of the traditional safety valves intended to balance the public's interest in open access with the property interests of copyright holders.

Fair use sections
Intro   Practical effect of fair use defense    Fair use as a defense    The economic benefit of fair use    Fair use in particular areas    Common misunderstandings    Influence internationally    Fair Use Week   [[Fair_use?section=</a>_See_also_|</a> See also ]]   References    External links   

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