::European Commission


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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.<ref name="Europa Institutions">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg, pledging to respect the treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate.<ref name=oath> "European Commission swears oath to respect the EU Treaties" 3 May 2010</ref>

The Commission operates as a cabinet government, with 28 members of the Commission (informally known as "commissioners").<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}
{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> There is one member per member state, though members are bound to represent the interests of the EU as a whole rather than their home state. One of the 28 is the Commission President (currently Jean-Claude Juncker) proposed by the European Council and elected by the European Parliament.<ref name="Sch├╝tze 2012" /> The Council then appoints the other 27 members of the Commission in agreement with the nominated President, and the 28 members as a single body are then subject to a vote of approval by the European Parliament.<ref>Treaty on European Union: Article 17:7</ref> The current Commission is the Juncker Commission, which took office in late 2014.

The term commission is used either in the narrow sense of the 28-member College of Commissioners (or College) or to also include the administrative body of about 23,000 European civil servants who are split into departments called Directorates-General and Services.<ref name=rules>Summaries of EU legislation: Rules of Procedure of the European Commission</ref><ref> {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}
{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The usual procedural languages of the Commission are English, French and German.<ref name="EU languages">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Members of the Commission and their "cabinets" (immediate teams) are based in the Berlaymont building in Brussels.

European Commission sections
Intro  History  Powers and functions  College  Administration  Legitimacy  Location  See also  Footnotes  External links  

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