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Emigrants Leave Ireland depicting the emigration to America following the Great Famine in Ireland.

A diaspora (from Greek διασπορά, "scattering, dispersion")<ref name=liddell></ref> is a scattered population whose origin lies within a smaller geographic locale. Diaspora can also refer to the movement of the population from its original homeland.<ref name=webster>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=ember/> Diaspora has come to refer particularly to historical mass dispersions of an involuntary nature, such as the expulsion of Jews from Judea, the fleeing of Greeks after the fall of Constantinople, the African Trans-Atlantic slave trade, the southern Chinese or Hindus of South Asia during the coolie trade, the deportation of Palestinians in the 20th century<ref name=ember/><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and the exile and deportation of Circassians.

Recently, scholars have distinguished between different kinds of diaspora, based on its causes such as imperialism, trade or labor migrations, or by the kind of social coherence within the diaspora community and its ties to the ancestral lands. Some diaspora communities maintain strong political ties with their homeland. Other qualities that may be typical of many diasporas are thoughts of return, relationships with other communities in the diaspora, and lack of full integration into the host country.<ref name=ember>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Diaspora sections
Intro  Origins and development of the term  European diasporas  African diaspora  Asian diaspora  Internal diasporas  20th century  21st century  Diaspora populations on the Internet  In popular culture  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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