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A demon, daemon (from Koine Greek δαιμόνιον daimonion), or fiend is a supernatural, often malevolent being prevalent in religion, occultism, literature, fiction, mythology and folklore. The original Greek word daimon does not carry the negative connotation initially understood by implementation of the Koine δαιμόνιον (daimonion),<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and later ascribed to any cognate words sharing the root.

In Ancient Near Eastern religions as well as in the Abrahamic traditions, including ancient and medieval Christian demonology, a demon is considered an unclean spirit, a fallen angel, or a spirit of unknown type which may cause demonic possession, calling for an exorcism. In Western occultism and Renaissance magic, which grew out of an amalgamation of Greco-Roman magic, Jewish Aggadah and Christian demonology,<ref>See, for example, the course synopsis and bibliography for ""Magic, Science, Religion: The Development of the Western Esoteric Traditions", at Central European University, Budapest</ref> a demon is believed to be a spiritual entity that may be conjured and controlled.


Demon sections
Intro  Etymology  Psychological archetype  Ancient Near East  Judaism  Hinduism  Second Temple-period texts  Christianity  Islam  Bah\u00e1'\u00ed Faith  Modern interpretations  Ceremonial magic  Wicca  See also  References  Citations  Further reading  External links  

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