Banknotes::Cuban peso


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Uncut strip of 20 centavos notes</div>


File:CUB-53a-El Banco Espanol de la Isla de Cuba-20 Centavos (1897).jpg
<center>Uncut strip of 20 centavos notes

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CUB-29c-El Banco Espanol de la Habana-5 Centavos (1876).jpg
CUB-30d-El Banco Espanol de la Habana-10 Centavos (1883).jpg
CUB-53a-El Banco Espanol de la Isla de Cuba-20 Centavos (1897)-single crop.jpg
CUB-31a-El Banco Espanol de la Habana-25 Centavos (1872).jpg
CUB-46a-El Banco Espanol de la Isla de Cuba-50 Centavos (1896).jpg
<center>5, 10, 25, 50 centavos

Under the Spanish Administration, the Banco Español de la Habana introduced Cuba's first issue of banknotes in 1857 in denominations of 50, 100, 300, 500 and 1,000 pesos.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} The 25 peso denomination was introduced in 1867,{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} and the 5 and 10 peso denominations in 1869.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} During the Ten Years' War, notes were issued dated 1869 in the name of the Republic of Cuba in denominations of 50 centavos, 1, 5, 10, 50, 500 and 1000 pesos.

In 1872, 5, 10, 25 and 50 centavo, and 1 and 3 peso notes were introduced by the Banco Español de la Habana.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} In 1891, the Treasury issued notes for 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 pesos. In 1896, the name of the bank was changed to the Banco Español de la Isla de Cuba, and it issued notes in denominations of 5 and 50 centavos{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} and 1, 5 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 pesos, followed by 10 and 20 centavos in 1897.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}

In 1905, the National Bank of Cuba (Banco Nacional de Cuba) issued notes for 1, 2, 5 and 50 pesos. However, the 1905 banknotes were not issued (source: Pick's catalog) In 1934, the Government introduced silver certificates (certificados de plata) in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 pesos, followed by 100 pesos in 1936 and 500 and 1000 pesos in 1944.

Silver certificates

República de Cuba, one silver peso (1936)

{{#invoke:main|main}} During the latter half of 1933, Cuba passed a series of laws to enact the production of Silver certificates (Certificado De Plata). Cuban silver certificates were designed, engraved, and printed by the US Treasury’s Bureau of Engraving and Printing from 1934 to 1949 and circulated in Cuba between 1935 and the early 1950s. The eight series of notes were dated 1934, 1936, 1936A, 1938, 1943, 1945, 1948, and 1949 and ranged from one peso to 100 pesos. A Cuban representative was on-site in Washington DC to consult and approve designs.

Banco Nacional de Cuba

In 1949, the Banco Nacional de Cuba resumed paper money production, introducing 1, 5, 10 and 20 peso notes that year, followed by 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 10,000 peso notes in 1950. Denominations above 100 pesos were not continued. In January 1961, all previous bank notes were demonetized, with new bank notes, printed in Czechoslovakia, placed into circulation. Three-peso notes were added in 1983 with 200-, 500-, and 1000-peso notes being (re-)introduced in 2015. The 1961 bank notes were demonetized on May 1, 2002.<ref>source: Banco Central Cuba, Granma, February 27, 2002</ref> Banknotes currently in circulation are 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 pesos.

Banknotes of the Cuban peso (Current issues)
Value Obverse Reverse
1 peso José Martí Fidel Castro and his men entering Havana, (08.01.59) (January 8, 1959)
3 pesos Ernesto Guevara ("Che") "Che" Guevara cutting sugar cane
5 pesos Antonio Maceo Conference between Antonio Maceo and Spanish General A. Martinez Campos at Mangos de Baragua (1878)
10 pesos Máximo Gómez "War of the people"
20 pesos Camilo Cienfuegos Banana harvest and fieldwork ("Development of Agriculture")
50 pesos Calixto García Íñiguez Genetic and Biotechnological Centre
100 pesos Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Anti-imperialistic tribune "José Martí", Havana
200 pesos Frank País Cuartel Moncada, Havana
500 pesos Ignacio Agramonte Asamblea Constituyente (Constituent Assembly), Guáimaro
1,000 pesos Julio Antonio Mella University of Havana

Cuban peso sections
Intro  History  Coins  Banknotes  The CUP and the CUC  See also  References  External links  

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