::Costa Rica


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Republic of Costa Rica
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: "Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Spanish)
"Noble motherland, your beautiful flag"
File:Costa Rica National Anthem.ogg
and largest city
San José

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Official languages Spanish
Recognised regional languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Ethnic groups (2011<ref>Censo Nacional 2011</ref>) {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Religion Roman Catholicism
Demonym {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Luis Guillermo Solís
 -  1st Vice-President Helio Fallas Venegas
 -  2nd Vice-President Ana Helena Chacón Echeverría
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Independence declared
 -  from Spain September 15, 1821 
 -  from Mexico July 1, 1823 
 -  from the United Provinces
of Central America
 -  Recognized by Spain May 10, 1850 
 -  Constitution November 7, 1949<ref name=CIA>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Total 51,100 km2 (128th)
19,653 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.7
 -  2011 census 4,586,353<ref name=2011Census>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Density 84<ref name=2011Census/>/km2 (107th)
220/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $74.324 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Per capita $15,365<ref name=imf2/>
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $52.800 billion<ref name=imf2/>
 -  Per capita $10,916<ref name=imf2/>
Gini (2009)40.7<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


HDI (2013)Increase 0.763<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


high · 68th
Currency Costa Rican colón (CRC)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +506
ISO 3166 code CR
Internet TLD .cr
a. First Mexican Empire.

Costa Rica ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally meaning, "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 4.5 million, of whom nearly a quarter live in the metropolitan area of the capital and largest city, San José.

Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous people before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the short-lived First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the United Provinces of Central America, from which it formally declared sovereignty in 1847. Since then, Costa Rica has remained among the most stable, prosperous, and progressive nations in Latin America. Following a brief but bloody civil war, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming the first of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Costa Rica has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 62nd in the world as of 2012, among the highest of any Latin American nation.<ref name=HDI12>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human development and inequality than the median of the region.<ref name=HDI10>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Its rapidly developing economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism.

Costa Rica is known for its progressive environmental policies, being the only country to meet all five criteria established to measure environmental sustainability.<ref name=HDI11>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} pp. 4, 42 (see Table 2.4 and Box 2.10) and 128.</ref> It was ranked fifth in the world, and first in the Americas, in the 2012 Environmental Performance Index.<ref name=EPI2012>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It was twice ranked the best performing country in the New Economics Foundation's (NEF) Happy Planet Index, which measures environmental sustainability,<ref name=HPI01>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref name=HPI02>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> and identified by the NEF as the greenest country in the world in 2009.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> In 2007, the Costa Rican government announced plans for Costa Rica to become the first carbon-neutral country by 2021;<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> in 2012, it became the first country in the Americas to ban recreational hunting.<ref>Costa Rica set to ban hunting, a first in the Americas. The Raw Story (2012-10-03). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.</ref><ref>Costa Rica se convierte en primer país del continente en prohibir la cacería deportiva – Diario Digital Nuestro País. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.</ref> Costa Rica is a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

Costa Rica sections
Intro   History    Geography    Economy    Governance    Demographics    Culture    Education    Health   See also   References    Further reading    External links   

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