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Organization and administration::Cornell University

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Organization and administration

College/school founding
College/school
Year founded

Agriculture and Life Sciences
1874
Architecture, Art, and Planning
1871
Arts and Sciences
1865
Business
1946
Engineering
1870
Graduate Studies
1909
Hotel Administration
1922
Human Ecology
1925
Industrial and Labor Relations
1945
Law
1887
Medical Sciences
1952
Medicine
1898
Tech
2011
Veterinary Medicine
1894

Cornell is a non-profit organization governed by a 64-member board of trustees consisting of both privately and publicly appointed trustees. Three trustees are appointed by the Governor of New York; one seat is reserved for the eldest lineal descendant of Ezra Cornell; two members from each of the fields of agriculture, business and labor in New York state; eight trustees to be elected from among and by the alumni of the university; two trustees to be elected from among and by the faculty of the university at Ithaca and Geneva; two trustees to be elected from among and by the membership of the university's student body at Ithaca (one undergraduate and one graduate student);<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> and one trustee to be elected from among and by the nonacademic staff and employees of the university at Ithaca and Geneva, 37 trustees at large and finally, the Governor, Temporary President of the Senate, Speaker of the Assembly, and president of the university serve in an ex officio voting capacity.<ref name=Bylaws>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>New York State Education Law ยง5703.</ref> Peter C. Meinig has served as the chairman of the board since 2002.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Board elects a President to serve as the chief executive and educational officer.<ref name=Bylaws/> The twelfth and current president, David J. Skorton has served since July 2006 and succeeded Jeffrey S. Lehman.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Board of Trustees hold four regular meetings each year, and portions of those meetings are subject to the New York State Open Meetings Law.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> On September 30, 2014 the board unanimously elected Elizabeth Garrett as Cornell's thirteenth president. Elizabeth Garrett officially became the president of Cornell on September 18, 2015, after her inauguration.

Cornell consists of nine privately endowed colleges as well as four publicly supported "statutory colleges": the New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Human Ecology, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, and College of Veterinary Medicine. These statutory colleges received $131.9 million in SUNY appropriations in 2010-2011 to support their teaching, research, and service missions, which makes them accountable to SUNY trustees and other state agencies. The budget also includes $3.9 million of state funds for Cornell Cooperative Extension<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=Ramanujan>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref name="Graffeo 2005">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Residents of New York enrolled in these colleges also qualify for discounted tuition.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> However, Attorney General Eliot Spitzer issued a 2005 opinion asserting that, with respect to their academic activities, statutory colleges should be understood to be private, non-state parties.<ref name="Spitzer 2005">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>:1

Cornell is decentralized, with its colleges and schools exercising wide autonomy. Each defines its own academic programs, operates its own admissions and advising programs, and confers its own degrees. The only university-wide requirements for a baccalaureate degree are to pass a swimming test, take two physical education courses, and satisfy a writing requirement.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> A handful of inter-school academic departments offer courses in more than one college.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> All academic departments are affiliated with at least one college; the last department without such an affiliation, the Cornell Africana Studies and Research Center, merged with the Arts College in July 2011.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

The A.D. White Reading Room, which contains much of the 30,000 volume collection donated to the university by its co-founder and first president

Seven schools provide undergraduate programs and an additional seven provide graduate and professional programs. Students pursuing graduate degrees in departments of these schools are enrolled in the Graduate School. The School of Continuing Education and Summer Sessions offers programs for college and high school students, professionals, and other adults.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Of the 13,515 undergraduate students, 4,251 (31.5%) are affiliated with the largest college by enrollment, Arts and Sciences, followed by 3,153 (23.3%) in Agriculture and Life Sciences and 2,680 (19.8%) in Engineering. By student enrollment, the smallest of the seven undergraduate colleges is Architecture, Art, and Planning, with 515 (3.8%) students.<ref name=factbook/>

Several other universities have used Cornell as their model, including Stanford University, the University of Sydney in Australia, and the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom; the latter on the recommendation of one of its financiers, Andrew Carnegie, who was a Cornell Trustee.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

The university also operates eCornell, which offers both certificate programs and professional development courses online.<ref name="About_eCornell">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In addition to being New York's land-grant college, Cornell is also is a partner in New York's sea-grant program,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is the hub of the Northeast's sun-grant program,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and is a part of New York's space-grant consortium.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

In 2009, Cornell ranked third among universities in the U.S. in fund-raising, collecting $446.75 million in private support.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In addition to the central University development staff located in Ithaca and New York City, each college and program has its own staffed fundraising program. In 2006, Cornell launched a $4 billion fundraising campaign, which reached $3 billion in November 2010.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> In 2013, Cornell's "Cornell Now" fundraising campaign raised over $475 million.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


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