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Types There are four main types of decisions, although they can be expressed in different ways. Brian Tracy breaks them down into:<ref>Time Power, Brian Tracy, 2007, pg. 153 ISBN 0-8144-7470-5</ref>

  1. Command decisions, which can only be made by you, as the "Commander in Chief"; or owner of a company.
  2. Delegated decisions, which may be made by anyone, such as the color of the bike shed, and should be delegated, as the decision must be made but the choice is inconsequential.
  3. Avoided decisions, where the outcome could be so severe that the choice should not be made, as the consequences can not be recovered from if the wrong choice is made. This will most likely result in negative actions, such as death.
  4. "No-brainer" decisions, where the choice is so obvious that only one choice can reasonably be made.
  5. A fifth type, however, or fourth if three and four are combined as one type, is the collaborative decision, which should be made in consultation with, and by agreement of others. Collaborative Decision Making revolutionized air-traffic safety by not deferring to the captain when a lesser crew member becomes aware of a problem.<ref>Collaborative Decision Making</ref>

Another way of looking at decisions focuses on the thought mechanism used, is the decision:<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Rational
  • Intuitive
  • Recognition based
  • Combination

Recognizing that "type" is an imprecise term, an alternate way to classify types of choices is to look at outcomes and the impacted entity. For example, using this approach three types of choices would be:<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

  • Business
  • Personal
  • Consumer

In this approach, establishing the types of choices makes it possible to identify the related decisions that will influence and constrain a specific choice as well as be influenced and constrained by another choice.

There are many "executive decision maker" products available, such as the decision wheels<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and the Magic 8-Ball, which randomly produce yes/no or other "decisions" for someone who can not make up their mind or just wants to delegate.

A Ouija board is also a delegated decision.

As a moral principle, decisions should be made by those most affected by the decision, but this is not normally applied to persons in jail, who might likely make a decision other than to remain in jail.<ref>Ethical leadership in schools, Kenneth A. Strike, 2006, pg. 5 ISBN 1-4129-1351-9</ref> Robert Gates cited this principle in allowing photographs of returning war dead.<ref>Pentagon ends photo ban on war dead return</ref>


Choice sections
Intro  Types  Evaluability in economics  Number of options and the paradox of choice  Relationship to identity   Attitudes   Other uses  See also  References  External links  

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