::Battle of Mu'tah


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The Battle of Mu'tah (Arabic: معركة مؤتة , غزوة مؤتة‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) was fought in September<ref>[Tarikhe Kamele Ebne Asir [1].rar\Tarikhe Kamele Ebne Asir [2] - RAR archive, unpacked size 133,877,880 bytes]</ref> of 629 (5 Jumada al-awwal 8 AH in the Islamic calendar<ref name="makhtoom">Saif-ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, ar-Raheeq al-Makhtoom, "The Sealed Nectar", Islamic University of Medina, Dar-us-Salam publishers ISBN 1-59144-071-8</ref>), near the village of Mu'tah, east of the Jordan River and Karak in Karak Governorate, between the forces of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad and the forces of the Eastern Roman Empire.

In Muslim histories, the battle is usually described as the Muslims' attempt to take retribution against a Ghassanid chief for taking the life of an emissary; it ended in a draw and the safe retreat of both sides.<ref name="Haykal">Muhammad Husayn Haykal, The Life of Muhammad, Translated by Isma'il Razi A. al-Faruqi, 1976, American Trust Publications ISBN 0-89259-002-5</ref> According to Byzantine sources, the Muslims planned to launch their attack on a feast day. The local Byzantine Vicarius learned of their plans and collected the garrisons of the fortresses. The Muslims were routed after three of their leaders were killed.<ref name=ecy-islam></ref>

Battle of Mu'tah sections
Intro  Background  Mobilization of the armies  The battle  Aftermath  Non-Muslim accounts  Islamic primary sources  Notes  References  Online References  See also  

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