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Athena ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Attic Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Athēnā, or Ἀθηναία{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Athēnaiē; Doric: Ἀθάνα{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Athānā) or Athene ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Ionic: Ἀθήνη{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Athēnē), often given the epithet Pallas ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Παλλὰς{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, mathematics, strength, war strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill in ancient Greek religion and mythology. Minerva is the Roman goddess identified with Athena.<ref name="Deacy, Susan 2001">Deacy, Susan, and Alexandra Villing. Athena in the Classical World. Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2001. Print.</ref>

Athena is portrayed as a shrewd companion of heroes and is the patron goddess of heroic endeavour. She is the virgin patroness of Athens. The Athenians founded the Parthenon on the Acropolis of her namesake city, Athens (Athena Parthenos), in her honour.<ref name="Deacy, Susan 2001"/>

Veneration of Athena was so persistent that archaic myths about her were recast to adapt to cultural changes. In her role as a protector of the city (polis), many people throughout the Greek world worshipped Athena as Athena Polias (Ἀθηνᾶ Πολιάς "Athena of the city"). While the city of Athens and the goddess Athena essentially bear the same name (Athena the goddess, Athenai the city), it is not known which of the two words is derived from the other.<ref>"Whether the goddess was named after the city or the city after the goddess is an ancient dispute" (Burkert 1985:139)</ref>


Athena sections
Intro  Etymology of the name and origins of her cult  Cult and patronages  Attributes and epithets  Mythology  Classical art  Post-classical culture   Genealogy of the Olympians in classical Greek mythology   See also  Footnotes  References  External links  

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