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Artemis {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Her Roman equivalent is Diana.<ref name=Lar>Larousse Desk Reference Encyclopedia, The Book People, Haydock, 1995, p. 215.</ref> Some scholars<ref name="SacksMurray2009">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> believe that the name, and indeed the goddess herself, was originally pre-Greek.<ref>Rose, H. J. A Handbook of Greek Mythology, Dutton 1959, p. 112; Guthrie, W. C. K. The Greeks and Their Gods, Beacon 1955, p. 99.</ref> Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron: "Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals".<ref>Homer, Iliad xxi 470 f.</ref> The Arcadians believed she was the daughter of Demeter.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

In the classical period of Greek mythology, Artemis (Ancient Greek: Ἄρτεμις{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, pronounced [ár.te.mis] in Classical Attic) was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo. She was the Hellenic goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity and protector of young girls, bringing and relieving disease in women; she often was depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrows.<ref name="Hammond">“Her proper sphere is the earth, and specifically the uncultivated parts, forests and hills, where wild beasts are plentiful" Hammond and Scullard (editors), The Oxford Classical Dictionary. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970) 126.</ref> The deer and the cypress were sacred to her. In later Hellenistic times, she even assumed the ancient role of Eileithyia in aiding childbirth.

Artemis sections
Intro  Etymology  Artemis in mythology  Worship of Artemis  Artemis in art  Artemis as the Lady of Ephesus  Artemis in astronomy  See also  References and sources  External links  

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