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  • Junichi Sato
  • Sanpei Shirato

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| belowstyle = border-top:#aaa 1px solid; border-bottom:#aaa 1px solid; | below = Anime and Manga portal }} Anime (Japanese: アニメ?, ){{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, also informally romanized as animé, are Japanese animated productions featuring hand-drawn or computer animation. In Japan, the word refers to all animation, being a shortened form of the rōmaji animēshon ("animation").<ref name="japanese">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Outside Japan, the meaning of the word anime can vary slightly; definitions include animation from Japan or, alternatively, a Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastical themes.<ref name="webster">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=anna /> Arguably, the stylization approach to the meaning may open up the possibility of anime produced in countries other than Japan.<ref name="rwby">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=escapist>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="Torkaizer">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> For simplicity, many Westerners strictly view anime as an animation product from Japan.<ref name=anna>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Some scholars suggest defining anime as specifically or quintessentially Japanese may be related to a new form of orientalism.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

The earliest commercial Japanese animation dates to 1917, and production of anime works in Japan has since continued to increase steadily. The characteristic anime art style emerged in the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread internationally in the late twentieth century, developing a large domestic and international audience. Anime is distributed theatrically, by television broadcasts, directly to home media, and over the internet. It is classified into numerous genres targeting diverse broad and niche audiences.

Anime is a diverse art form with distinctive production methods and techniques that have been adapted over time in response to emergent technologies. The production of anime focuses less on the animation of movement and more on the realism of settings as well as the use of camera effects, including panning, zooming, and angle shots. Diverse art styles are used and character proportions and features can be quite varied, including characteristically large emotive or realistically sized eyes.

The anime industry consists of over 430 production studios including major names like Studio Ghibli, Gainax, and Toei Animation. Despite comprising only a fraction of Japan's domestic film market, anime makes up a majority of Japanese DVD sales. It has also seen international success after the rise of English-dubbed programming. This rise in international popularly has resulted in non-Japanese productions using the anime art style, but these works are usually described as anime-influenced animation rather than anime proper.


Anime sections
Intro   Definition and usage    Format    History    Genres    Attributes    Industry    Influence on world culture    See also    References    External links   

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