Amazons::amazon    Their::women    Greek::title    Which::queen    First::against    Warriors::queen

Etymology The origin of the word is uncertain. It may be derived from an Iranian ethnonym *ha-mazan- "warriors", a word attested as a denominal verb in Hesychius of Alexandria's gloss «ἁμαζακάραν· πολεμεῖν. Πέρσαι»{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ("hamazakaran: 'to make war' in Persian") and which also appears together with the Indo-Iranian root *kar- "make" in Sanskrit karma.<ref>Lagercrantz, Xenia Lidéniana (1912), 270ff., cited after Hjalmar Frisk, Greek Etymological Dictionary (1960–1970)</ref>

However, Hittite researcher Friedrich Cornelius assumes that there had been the land Azzi with the capital Chajasa in the area of the Thermodon-Iris Delta on the coast of the Black Sea. He brings its residents in direct relation to the Amazons, namely based on its name (woman of the land Azzi = 'Am'+ 'Azzi' = Amazon) and its customs (matriarchal custom of promiscuous sexual intercourse, even with blood relatives)<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Alternatively, a Greek derivation from *ṇ-mṇ-gw-jon-es "manless, without husbands" (a- privative and a derivation of *man- also found in Slavic muzh) has been proposed, an explanation deemed "unlikely" by Hjalmar Frisk.<ref>Jacobsohn, KZ 54, 278ff., cited after Hjalmar Frisk (1960–1970).</ref> 19th century scholarship also connected the term to the ethnonym Amazigh.<ref>Guy Cadogan Rothery, The Amazons (1910), ch. 7: "There have been some authors who trace the word Amazon from this term."</ref> A further explanation proposes Iranian *ama-janah "virility-killing" as source.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>

Among Classical Greeks, amazon was given a popular etymology as from a- (ἀ-{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) and mazos (μαζός{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), "without breast", connected with an etiological tradition that Amazons had their right breast cut off or burnt out.<ref>Justinus' "Historiae Phillippicae ex Trogo Pompeio", Liber II, 4: "Virgines (...) armis, equis, venationibus exercebant, inustis infantum dexterioribus mammis, ne sagittarum iactus impediantur; unde dictae Amazones." "They exercised the virgins on weapon-wielding, horse-riding and hunting, and burned the children's right breasts, so that arrow-throwing wouldn't be impeded; and for such reason, they were called Amazons."</ref> There is no indication of such a practice in works of art,<ref name=Mayor>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> in which the Amazons are always represented with both breasts, although the left is frequently covered (see photos in article). Adrienne Mayor suggests the origin of this myth was due to the word's etymology.<ref name=Mayor/><ref>[Adrienne Mayor, Start the Week, Radio Four, 6 April 2015, 21:30]</ref>

Amazons sections
Intro  Etymology  Origins  The myth  In historiography  Medieval and Renaissance literature  Historical background  Archaeology  Modern legacy  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Origins