## ::Acceleration

### ::concepts

Mathbf::velocity    Motion::vector    Speed::force    ''t''::mathrm    Change::object    Books::circular

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Acceleration, in physics, is the rate of change of velocity of an object. An object's acceleration is the net result of any and all forces acting on the object, as described by Newton's Second Law.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The SI unit for acceleration is metre per second squared (m/s2). Accelerations are vector quantities (they have magnitude and direction) and add according to the parallelogram law.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> As a vector, the calculated net force is equal to the product of the object's mass (a scalar quantity) and the acceleration.

For example, when a car starts from a standstill (zero relative velocity) and travels in a straight line at increasing speeds, it is accelerating in the direction of travel. If the car turns there is an acceleration toward the new direction. For this example, we can call the accelerating of the car forward a "linear acceleration", which passengers in the car might experience as force pushing them back into their seats. When changing directions, we might call this "non-linear acceleration", which passengers might experience as a sideways force. If the speed of the car decreases, this is an acceleration in the opposite direction of the direction of the vehicle, sometimes called deceleration.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Passengers may experience deceleration as a force lifting them away from their seats. Mathematically, there is no separate formula for deceleration, as both are changes in velocity. Each of these accelerations (linear, non-linear, deceleration) might be felt by passengers until their velocity (speed and direction) match that of the car.

Acceleration sections
Intro   Definition and properties    Tangential and centripetal acceleration    Special cases    Relation to relativity    Conversions    See also    References    External links

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