Overthrow::Abd al-Karim Qasim


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Overthrow In September 1960, Qasim demanded that the Anglo American-owned Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) share 20% of the ownership and 55% of the profits with the Iraqi government. Then, in response to the IPC's rejection of this proposal, Qasim issued Public Law 80, which would have taken away 99.5% of the IPC's ownership and established an Iraqi national oil company to oversee the export of Iraqi oil. British and US officials and multinationals demanded that the Kennedy administration place pressures on the Qasim regime.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Qasim’s position was fatally weakened by 1962. His overthrow took place the following year. The perpetrators were the Ba’ath party. By 1962, the Ba’ath was on the rise as a new group of leaders under the tutelage of Ali Salih al-Sa’di began to re-invigorate the party. The Ba’ath Party was now able to plot Qasim’s removal.

Qasim dead

Qasim was overthrown by the Ba'athist coup of February 8, 1963, motivated by fear of communist influence and state control over the petroleum sector. The British and American governments denied complicity in the coup although some speculate there may have been some.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name = "list">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }} Excerpt from The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978).</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref> NSC staff member Robert Komer sent a memo to President John F. Kennedy on the night of the coup, February 8, 1963. The last paragraph reads:

"We will make informal friendly noises as soon as we can find out whom to talk with, and ought to recognize as soon as we’re sure these guys are firmly in the saddle. CIA had excellent reports on the plotting, but I doubt either they or UK should claim much credit for it."<ref>JFK Library, Memorandum for The President from Robert W. Komer, February 8, 1963 (JFK, NSF, Countries, Iraq, Box 117, "Iraq 1/63-2/63", document 18), p. 1.</ref>

Qasim was given a short trial and he was shot soon after. Later, footage of his execution was broadcast to prove he was dead.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref> Between 1,500 and 5,000 Iraqis were killed in the fighting from February 8–10, 1963, and in the house-to-house hunt for "communists" that immediately followed.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref>

In July 2004, Qasim's body was discovered by a news team associated with Radio Dijlah in Baghdad.<ref name = "Iraq">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} Reporting article on discovery of Qasim's body </ref>

Abd al-Karim Qasim sections
Intro  Early life and career  14 July Revolution  Prime minister  Overthrow  Legacy  References  External links  

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