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Concepts

Clinamen
A clinamen is the unpredictable swerve of atoms that Bök calls “the smallest possible aberration that can make the greatest possible difference”.<ref>Bök 2002, p.43-45.</ref> An example is Jarry’s merdre, a swerve of French: merde{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ("shit").<ref>Hugill 2012, p.15-16.</ref>
The Grand Gidouille on Ubu's belly is a symbol of ‘pataphysics
Antinomy
An antinomy is the mutually incompatible. It represents the duality of things, the echo or symmetry, the good and the evil at the same time. Hugill mentions various examples including the plus minus, the faust-troll, the haldern-ablou, the yes-but, the ha-ha and the paradox.<ref>Hugill 2012, p.9-12.</ref>
Syzygy
The syzygy originally comes from astronomy and denotes the alignment of three celestial bodies in a straight line. In a pataphysical context it is the pun. It usually describes a conjunction of things, something unexpected and surprising. Serendipity is a simple chance encounter but the syzygy has a more scientific purpose. Bök mentions Jarry suggesting that the fall of a body towards a centre might not be preferable to the ascension of a vacuum towards a periphery.<ref>Bök 2002, p.40-43.</ref><ref>Hugill 2012, p.13-15.</ref>
Absolute
The absolute is the idea of a transcended reality.<ref>Hugill 2012, p.16-19.</ref>
Anomaly
An anomaly represents the exception. Jarry said that "pataphysics will examine the laws governing exceptions, and will explain the universe supplementary to this one".<ref name=jarrydef /> Bök calls it “the repressed part of a rule which ensures that the rule does not work”.<ref>Bök 2002, p.38-40.</ref><ref>Hugill 2012, p.12-13.</ref>
Pataphor
A pataphor is an unusually extended metaphor based on 'pataphysics. As Jarry claimed that ‘pataphysics exists "as far from metaphysics as metaphysics extends from regular reality", a pataphor attempts to create a figure of speech that exists as far from metaphor as metaphor exists from non-figurative language.<ref>"Paul Avion's Pataphor"</ref>

'Pataphysics sections
Intro   Definitions    Etymology    History    Concepts    Pataphysical calendar    Influences   Pataphor   See also    References    External links   

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