::Zoroastrianism

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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Refimprove |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}} Zoroastrianism or MazdaismUnknown extension tag "ref" is one of the world's oldest religions, "combining a cosmogonic dualism and eschatological monotheism in a manner unique... among the major religions of the world."<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}.</ref> Ascribed to the teachings of the prophet Zoroaster, its Supreme Being is Ahura Mazda. For a thousand years, forms of Zoroastrianism (including a Mithraic Median prototype and Zurvanist Sassanid successor) were the world's most powerful religion, serving as the state religion of the pre-Islamic Iranian empires from around 600 BCE to 650 CE. Zoroastrianism was suppressed or otherwise integrated into Islam from the 7th century onwards following the Muslim conquest of Persia.<ref>Hourani, p. 87.</ref> Recent estimates place the current number of Zoroastrians at around 2.6 million, with most living in India and Iran.<ref>Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents retrieved 14 April 2013</ref>Unknown extension tag "ref" Besides the Zoroastrian diaspora, older Mithraic faith like Yazdanism is still practised amongst the Kurds.Unknown extension tag "ref"

Leading characteristics, such as messianism, the Golden Rule, heaven and hell, and free will influenced other religious systems, including Second Temple Judaism, Gnosticism, Christianity, and Islam.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> Liberality is emphasized in the scripture, and—like the Roman religion—the religion was generally inclusive, with Cyrus the Great annexing Babylonia in the name of its God Marduk.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In Zoroastrianism, the purpose in life is to "be among those who renew the world...to make the world progress towards perfection". Its basic maxims include:

  • Humata, Hukhta, Huvarshta, which mean: Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds.
  • There is only one path and that is the path of Truth.
  • Do the right thing because it is the right thing to do, and then all beneficial rewards will come to you also.

The most important texts of the religion are those of the Avesta, which includes the writings of Zoroaster known as the Gathas, enigmatic poems that define the religion's precepts, and the Yasna, the scripture. The full name by which Zoroaster addressed the deity is: Ahura, The Lord Creator, and Mazda, Supremely Wise. He proclaimed that there is only one God, the singularly creative and sustaining force of the Universe. He also stated that human beings are given a right of choice, and because of cause and effect are also responsible for the consequences of their choices. Zoroaster's teachings focused on responsibility, and did not introduce a devil, per se. The contesting force to Ahura Mazda was called Angra Mainyu, or angry spirit. Post-Zoroastrian scripture introduced the concept of Ahriman, the Devil, which was effectively a personification of Angra Mainyu.<ref>Zarathushtra’s Philosophy - Basic Overview</ref>


Zoroastrianism sections
Intro  Terminology  Overview  History  Relation to other religions and cultures  Religious text  Zoroaster  Principal beliefs  Demographics  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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  1. REDIRECT

{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Refimprove |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}} Zoroastrianism or MazdaismUnknown extension tag "ref" is one of the world's oldest religions, "combining a cosmogonic dualism and eschatological monotheism in a manner unique... among the major religions of the world."<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}.</ref> Ascribed to the teachings of the prophet Zoroaster, its Supreme Being is Ahura Mazda. For a thousand years, forms of Zoroastrianism (including a Mithraic Median prototype and Zurvanist Sassanid successor) were the world's most powerful religion, serving as the state religion of the pre-Islamic Iranian empires from around 600 BCE to 650 CE. Zoroastrianism was suppressed or otherwise integrated into Islam from the 7th century onwards following the Muslim conquest of Persia.<ref>Hourani, p. 87.</ref> Recent estimates place the current number of Zoroastrians at around 2.6 million, with most living in India and Iran.<ref>Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents retrieved 14 April 2013</ref>Unknown extension tag "ref" Besides the Zoroastrian diaspora, older Mithraic faith like Yazdanism is still practised amongst the Kurds.Unknown extension tag "ref"

Leading characteristics, such as messianism, the Golden Rule, heaven and hell, and free will influenced other religious systems, including Second Temple Judaism, Gnosticism, Christianity, and Islam.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> Liberality is emphasized in the scripture, and—like the Roman religion—the religion was generally inclusive, with Cyrus the Great annexing Babylonia in the name of its God Marduk.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In Zoroastrianism, the purpose in life is to "be among those who renew the world...to make the world progress towards perfection". Its basic maxims include:

  • Humata, Hukhta, Huvarshta, which mean: Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds.
  • There is only one path and that is the path of Truth.
  • Do the right thing because it is the right thing to do, and then all beneficial rewards will come to you also.

The most important texts of the religion are those of the Avesta, which includes the writings of Zoroaster known as the Gathas, enigmatic poems that define the religion's precepts, and the Yasna, the scripture. The full name by which Zoroaster addressed the deity is: Ahura, The Lord Creator, and Mazda, Supremely Wise. He proclaimed that there is only one God, the singularly creative and sustaining force of the Universe. He also stated that human beings are given a right of choice, and because of cause and effect are also responsible for the consequences of their choices. Zoroaster's teachings focused on responsibility, and did not introduce a devil, per se. The contesting force to Ahura Mazda was called Angra Mainyu, or angry spirit. Post-Zoroastrian scripture introduced the concept of Ahriman, the Devil, which was effectively a personification of Angra Mainyu.<ref>Zarathushtra’s Philosophy - Basic Overview</ref>


Zoroastrianism sections
Intro  Terminology  Overview  History  Relation to other religions and cultures  Religious text  Zoroaster  Principal beliefs  Demographics  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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