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Zeus ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} ZEWS;<ref>Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "Zeus, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1921.</ref> Ancient Greek: Ζεύς{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Zeús, [zdeǔ̯s];<ref>In classical Attic Greek.</ref> Modern Greek: Δίας{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Días [ˈði.as]) was the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who ruled as king of the gods of Mount Olympus. His name is cognate with the first element of his Roman equivalent Jupiter.

Zeus is the child of Cronus and Rhea, the youngest of his siblings to be born, though sometimes reckoned the eldest as the others required disgorging from Cronos's stomach. In most traditions, he is married to Hera, by whom he is usually said to have fathered Ares, Hebe, and Hephaestus.<ref name="Hamilton1942">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> At the oracle of Dodona, his consort was said to be Dione, by whom the Iliad states that he fathered Aphrodite.Unknown extension tag "ref" Zeus was also infamous for his erotic escapades. These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Persephone, Dionysus, Perseus, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Minos, and the Muses.<ref name="Hamilton1942"/>

He was respected as an allfather who was chief of the gods<ref>Homeric Hymns.</ref> and assigned the others to their roles:<ref>Hesiod, Theogony.</ref> "Even the gods who are not his natural children address him as Father, and all the gods rise in his presence."<ref>Burkert, Greek Religion.</ref><ref>See, e.g., Homer, Il., I.503 & 533.</ref> He was equated with many foreign weather gods, permitting Pausanias to observe "That Zeus is king in heaven is a saying common to all men".<ref>Pausanias, 2.24.2.</ref> His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak. In addition to his Indo-European inheritance, the classical "cloud-gatherer" (Greek: Νεφεληγερέτα{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Nephelēgereta)<ref>.</ref> also derives certain iconographic traits from the cultures of the Ancient Near East, such as the scepter. Zeus is frequently depicted by Greek artists in one of two poses: standing, striding forward with a thunderbolt leveled in his raised right hand, or seated in majesty.


Zeus sections
Intro  Name  Zeus in myth  Roles and epithets  Cults of Zeus  Zeus and foreign gods  Zeus in philosophy  Zeus in the Bible  In modern culture  Miscellany on Zeus  Genealogy of the Olympians in Greek mythology  Argive genealogy in Greek mythology  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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