::Wimbledon, London


London::church    Title::school    Manor::england    Merton::house    Theatre::village    Station::house

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Wimbledon town centre
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 Wimbledon shown within Greater London
Population 86,533 
OS grid referenceTQ239709
London borough Merton
Ceremonial county Greater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW16 SW17 SW19 SW20
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament [[London (European Parliament constituency)London]]
UK ParliamentWimbledon
London Assembly Merton and Wandsworth
List of places
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:51.4235 |-0.18171

|primary |name= }} Wimbledon {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} is a suburban district of southwest London, England, in the London Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, northeast of New Malden, northwest of Mitcham, west of Streatham and north of Sutton. Wimbledon had a population of 86,533 in 2011 <ref>http://data.london.gov.uk/2011-census-ward-pop</ref>

It is home to the Wimbledon Tennis Championships and New Wimbledon Theatre, and contains Wimbledon Common, one of the largest areas of common land in London. The residential and retail area is split into two sections known as the "village" and the "town", with the High Street being the rebuilding of the original medieval village, and the "town" having first developed gradually after the building of the railway station in 1838.

Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age when the hill fort on Wimbledon Common is thought to have been constructed. In 1087 when the Domesday Book was compiled, Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake. The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed between various wealthy families many times during its history, and the area also attracted other wealthy families who built large houses such as Eagle House, Wimbledon Manor House and Warren House. The village developed with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city. In the 18th century the Dog and Fox public house became a stop on the stagecoach run from London to Portsmouth, then in 1838 the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened a station to the south east of the village at the bottom of Wimbledon hill. The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre.

Wimbledon had its own borough larger than its historic boundaries while still in the county of Surrey; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton as part of the creation of Greater London in 1965. At Westminster since 2005 the north and west of the Borough has been the seat of Stephen Hammond, a Conservative MP, while the eastern and southern parts have been the bastion of Siobhain McDonagh, a Labour MP.

It has established minority groups; among the most prominent are British Asians (including British Sri Lankans), British Ghanaians and Polish people and Irish.

Wimbledon, London sections
Intro  History  Geography  Governance  Economy  The Tennis Championships  Sport  New Wimbledon Theatre  Polka Children's Theatre   Transport   Literature  Notable residents  Amenities  References  External links  

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