::William d'Évreux


William::devereux    Normandy::vreux    Robert::rouen    Category::norman    Death::press    Group::family

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William d'Évreux was a member of the Norman nobility at the time of William the Conqueror's ascendancy in Normandy.

William was a son of Robert II Archbishop of Rouen and Count of Évreux and Herlevea.<ref>Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 79</ref> As a member of the comital dynasty of Evreux, he was probably a supporter of Duke William during his consolidation of control in Normandy. He may also have been a member of the clergy as later generations of Devereux were hereditary chaplains to King Henry and King Stephen, and identified as members of the early form of the Exchequer in Normandy.<ref>Charles Johnson and HA Cronne (editors). Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, 1066-1154; Volume II, Regesta Henrici Primi, 1100-1135. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1956. Page 226</ref><ref>Sylvia Lettice Thrupp. Change in Medieval Society: Europe North of the Alps, 1050-1500. University of Toronto Press, 1988. Page 57 and 67</ref><ref name=NI1918>Charles Homer Haskins. Norman Institutions. Harvard Historical Studies. Published Under the Direction of the Department of History. Volume XXIV. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1918). Page 88, 108-9</ref><ref group=lower-alpha>Gilbert Devereux was precentor of Rouen Cathedral, chaplain to Henry I, and treasurer of Normandy. He died in the mid-1120's, and was succeeded by his eldest son, William Devereux. William retired from the court to become Prior of Sainte-Barbe in 1128, and was followed by his brother, Robert Devereux, who was treasurer into Stephen's reign. Gilbert had 5 sons all of whom were involved with the treasury, and two followed their brother to Saint-Barbe.</ref> The Devereux family had lands at Lieuvin and Baiocasino in the pays d'Auge.<ref name=NI1918/><ref group=lower-alpha>Lands here were granted to the Priory of Sainte-Barbe by William Devereux for the soul of his father, Gilbert, before 1133, and the grant was confirmed by King Stephen in 1137. These lands were in the same region as d'Evreux's brother, Ralph de Gacé, Sire de Gace.</ref>

William married, c. 1040, Hawisa d'Échauffour, widow of Robert de Grandmesnil<ref name = FAL1985>M. Jackson Crispin and Leonce Macary. Falaise Roll. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1985). page 41</ref> and daughter of Giroie, Lord of Échauffour<ref name="DP262">K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People, A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166, Vol I (Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press, 1999), p. 262</ref> and Gisle de Montfort-sur-Risle.<ref group=lower-alpha>The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "10 May" of "Haudvisa mater Hugonis de Grentesmesnil".</ref><ref>Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band III Teilband 4 (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1989), Tafel 697</ref> Orderic Vitalis names her, gives her parentage, her two husbands and seven children: six by her first marriage, one by her second to William.<ref>Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 395</ref> Hawise eventually retired to become a nun at Montivilliers along with two of Judith's half-sisters.<ref name="DP262"/> Together William and Hawisa had a daughter:

  • Judith d'Évreux († 1076), married Roger I of Sicily<ref>Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Vol. II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 206</ref><ref name = FAL1985/>

The Devereux family in England which gave rise to the Viscounts of Hereford claims descent from the Norman family of d'Évreux. As William d'Évreux's older siblings are well documented to have had no surviving male heirs, William provides the only potential source of this connection. One source<ref>The Norman People, And Their Existing Descendants In The British Dominions And The United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1975. Page 225</ref> claims that William, by an unidentified woman, was the father of:

  • William Devereux, he married Helewysa de Lacy<ref name ="BAR325">Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Powlett Cleveland, Duchess of Cleveland, Battle Abbey Roll, with some account of the Norman Lines, Vol. 1 (London: John Murray, 1889), p. 325</ref><ref name = FAL1985/>
  • Roger Devereux<ref name ="BAR325"/><ref name = FAL1985/>

William d'Évreux sections
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