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Arms of Ottoman Vizier

{{#invoke:Side box|main}} A vizier ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, rarely {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}};<ref name="reference1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Arabic: وزير‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Wazeer, Persian: vazīr‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎, Turkish: vezir{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Urdu: وزیر‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Vazeer; sometimes spelled vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir, or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister. The Abbasid caliphs gave the title wazir to a minister formerly called katib (secretary) who was at first merely a helper, but afterwards became the representative and successor of the dapir (official scribe or secretary) of the Sassanian kings.<ref>R. A. Nicholson, A Literary History of the Arabs, p. 257</ref>

In modern usage, the term has been used for ministers in the Arab world, Iran, Turkey, Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

It is also specially used in the only absolute Asian monarchy, the House of Bolkiah of Brunei with the title Prime Vizier or Perdana Wazir in Brunei Malay as the head of all viziers. It is given to the current King Hassanal Bolkiah's second brother, the Prime Vizier Mohamed Bolkiah. In Brunei, an ordinary vizier is known as Pengiran Temenggong.


Vizier sections
Intro  Etymology  Historical ministerial titles  Modern post-monarchy use  Anachronistic historical use  Princely title  Art  Some famous viziers in history  Influence on chess  See also  Notes  References  

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