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{{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|ignoreblank=y | name | official_name | native_name | native_name_lang | other_name | settlement_type | type | translit_lang1 | translit_lang1_type1 | translit_lang1_type | translit_lang1_info | translit_lang1_type2 | translit_lang1_info1 | translit_lang1_type3 | translit_lang1_info2 | translit_lang1_type4 | translit_lang1_info3 | translit_lang1_type5 | translit_lang1_info4 | translit_lang1_type6 | translit_lang1_info5 | translit_lang1_info6 | translit_lang2 | translit_lang2_type1 | translit_lang2_type | translit_lang2_info | translit_lang2_type2 | translit_lang2_info1 | translit_lang2_type3 | translit_lang2_info2 | translit_lang2_type4 | translit_lang2_info3 | translit_lang2_type5 | translit_lang2_info4 | translit_lang2_type6 | 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population_density_rural_km2 | population_density_rural_sq_mi | population_metro_footnotes | population_density_metro_km2 | population_density_metro_sq_mi | population_blank1_title | population_blank1_footnotes | population_density_blank1_km2 | population_density_blank1_sq_mi | population_blank2_title | population_blank2_footnotes | population_density_blank2_km2 | population_density_blank2_sq_mi | population_note | population_demonym | demographics_type1 | demographics1_footnotes | demographics1_title1 | demographics1_info1 | demographics1_title2 | demographics1_info2 | demographics1_title3 | demographics1_info3 | demographics1_title4 | demographics1_info4 | demographics1_title5 | demographics1_info5 | demographics1_title6 | demographics1_info6 | demographics1_title7 | demographics1_info7 | demographics_type2 | demographics2_footnotes | demographics2_title1 | demographics2_info1 | demographics2_title2 | demographics2_info2 | demographics2_title3 | demographics2_info3 | demographics2_title4 | demographics2_info4 | demographics2_title5 | demographics2_info5 | demographics2_title6 | demographics2_info6 | demographics2_title7 | demographics2_info7 | timezone2 | timezone | timezone1 | utc_offset | utc_offset1 | utc_offset2 | timezone1_DST | timezone_DST | utc_offset1_DST | utc_offset_DST | timezone2_DST | utc_offset2_DST | postal_code_type | postal_code | postal2_code_type | postal2_code | area_code_type | area_code | geocode | iso_code | registration_plate | blank_name | blank_name_sec1 | blank_info | blank_info_sec1 | blank1_name | blank1_name_sec1 | blank1_info | blank1_info_sec1 | blank2_name | blank2_name_sec1 | blank2_info | blank2_info_sec1 | blank3_name | blank3_name_sec1 | blank3_info | blank3_info_sec1 | blank4_name | blank4_name_sec1 | blank4_info | blank4_info_sec1 | blank5_name | blank5_name_sec1 | blank5_info | blank5_info_sec1 | blank6_name | blank6_name_sec1 | blank6_info | blank6_info_sec1 | blank7_name | blank7_name_sec1 | blank7_info | blank7_info_sec1 | blank_name_sec2 | blank_info_sec2 | blank1_name_sec2 | blank1_info_sec2 | blank2_name_sec2 | blank2_info_sec2 | blank3_name_sec2 | blank3_info_sec2 | blank4_name_sec2 | blank4_info_sec2 | blank5_name_sec2 | blank5_info_sec2 | blank6_name_sec2 | blank6_info_sec2 | blank7_name_sec2 | blank7_info_sec2 | website | footnotes }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Vienna ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}};<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> German: Wien{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, pronounced [viːn]) is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.8 million<ref name="statistik.at" /> (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,<ref name="nahverkehrsoffensive1" /> nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I the city had 2 million inhabitants.<ref>"Vienna after the war", The New York Times, 29 December 1918 (PDF)</ref> Today it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin.<ref>Wien nun zweitgrößte deutschsprachige Stadt | touch.ots.at{{#invoke:Error|error|Invalid language code.|tag=}}</ref><ref name="Population11">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city lies in the east of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Apart from being regarded as the City of Music<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> because of its musical legacy, Vienna is also said to be "The City of Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psycho-analyst – Sigmund Freud.<ref>BBC Documentary – Vienna – The City of Dreams</ref> The city's roots lie in early Celtic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is well known for having played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, and the late-19th-century Ringstrasse lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Vienna is known for its quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver, Canada and San Francisco, California) for the world's most livable cities. Between 2011 and 2015 Vienna was ranked second, behind Melbourne, Australia.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> For seven consecutive years (2009–2015), the human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Vienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey of hundreds of cities around the world, a title the city still holds in 2015.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within" <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna fourth on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within" (up from sixth in 2011 and eighth in 2010).</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The UN-Habitat has classified Vienna as being the most prosperous city in the world in 2012/2013.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and sixth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2014 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Vienna regularly hosts urban planning conferences and is often used as a case study by urban planners.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Between 2005 and 2010, Vienna was the world's number-one destination for international congresses and conventions.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It attracts over 3.7 million tourists a year.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Vienna sections
Intro   Name    History    Demographics    Geography and climate    Districts and enlargement    Politics    Economy   Rankings  Urban development   Religion    Culture    Education    Leisure activities    Culinary specialities    Tourist attractions    Transportation    International relations    See also    References    Further reading    External links   

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