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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use mdy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress (a bicameral legislature). It is frequently referred to as The House. The other house is the Senate.

The composition and powers of the House are established in Article One of the United States Constitution. The major power of the House is to pass federal legislation that affects the entire country, although its bills must also be passed by the Senate and further agreed to by the U.S. President before becoming law (unless both the House and Senate re-pass the legislation with a two-thirds majority in each chamber). The House has some exclusive powers: the power to initiate revenue bills,<ref>Section 7 of Article 1 of the Constitution</ref> to impeach officials (impeached officials are subsequently tried in the Senate),<ref>Section 2 of Article 1</ref> and to elect the U.S. President in case there is no majority in the Electoral College.<ref>Article 1, Section 2, and in the 12th Amendment</ref>

Each U.S. state is represented in the House in proportion to its population as measured in the census, but every state is entitled to at least one representative. The most populous state, California, currently has 53 representatives. On the other end of the spectrum, there are seven states with only one representative each (Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming). The total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435.<ref name="USPL 62-5">See Public Law 62-5 of 1911, though Congress has the authority to change that number. The Reapportionment Act of 1929 capped the size of the House at 435.</ref> In addition there are six non-voting Representatives who have a voice on the floor and a vote in committees, but no vote on the floor.

The Speaker of the House, who presides over the chamber, is elected by the members of the House, and is therefore traditionally the leader of the House Democratic Caucus or the House Republican Conference, whichever party has more voting members. The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol.


United States House of Representatives sections
Intro  History  Membership, qualifications and apportionment  Comparison to the Senate  Salary and benefits  Officers  Procedure  Committees  Legislative functions  Checks and balances  Latest election results and current party standings  See also  References  External links  

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