::Union of South Africa

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Africa::south    Union::colony    British::african    Which::deputy    Small::under    Natal::would

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use South African English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=More footnotes |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }}

="3" class="fn org summary" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.2em; font-size:115%; font-weight:bold;" Unie van Suid-Afrika
Unie van Zuid-Afrika ="3" style="vertical-align:middle; text-align:center; font-size:115%;"Self-governing dominion of the British Empire (1910–1931) ="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Motto
Ex Unitate Vires
(Latin: From Unity, Strength) ="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Anthem
Die Stem van Suid-Afrika
"The Call of South Africa" ="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
Location of the Union of South Africa. South-West Africa shown as disputed area (occupied in 1915, administered as 5th province of the Union).


="2" Capital ="width:50%;" Cape Town (legislative)
Pretoria (administrative)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Pietermaritzburg (archival)


="2" Languages English, Afrikaans


="2" Monarch || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1910-1936 George V - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1936 Edward VIII - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1936-1952 George VI - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1952-1961 Elizabeth II - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" ="2" Governor-General - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1910-1914|| Herbert Gladstone - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1959-1961 ="2" Prime Minister - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1910-1919 Louis Botha - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1919-'24, 1939-1948 - class="mergedtoprow" ="2" LegislatureParliament - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Upper house Senate - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Lower house House of Assembly ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Statute of Westminster ="vertical-align: bottom;"11 December 1931 ="3" Area - class="mergedbottomrow" style="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1961 2,045,320 km² (789,702 sq mi) - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" ="3" Population ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1961 est. 18,216,000  - class="mergedbottomrow" ="2" {{#invoke:String|rep| |5}}Density ="white-space:nowrap;" 8.9 /km²  (23.1 /sq mi) ="2" CurrencySouth African pound ="2" Today part of
Union of South Africa

 

 

 

1910–1961

- class="mergedtoprow" ="3" class="maptable" { style="width:100%; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; background:none;" - ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" [[File:Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg|125px|alt=|Flag]] ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" - style="font-size:95%;" style="border:0; text-align:center;" Flag style="border:0; text-align:center;" Coat of arms }

Government Constitutional monarchy
Charles Robberts Swart

- class="mergedrow"

- class="mergedrow"

- class="mergedrow"

Jan Smuts

- class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1924-1939

J.B.M. Hertzog

- class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1948-1954

D.F. Malan

- class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1954-1958

J.G. Strijdom

- class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1958-1961

H.F. Verwoerd
History
 •  Union 31 May 1910
 •  Republic 31 May 1961
Union of South Africa Red Ensign (1912–1928)
Union of South Africa Blue Ensign (1912–1928)

The Union of South Africa is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa. It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal Colony, Transvaal Colony and Orange River Colony. Following World War I, the Union of South Africa was granted the administration of the German South-West Africa colony as a League of Nations mandate and it became treated in most respects as if it were another province of the Union.

The Union of South Africa was founded as a dominion of the British Empire. It was governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with the British monarch represented by a governor-general. The Union came to an end when the 1961 constitution was enacted. On 31 May 1961 the country became a sovereign republic, under the new name Republic of South Africa.


Union of South Africa sections
Intro  Constitution  Previous attempts at unification  Reasons for unification  The Union of South Africa and Southern Rhodesia  The Union of South Africa and South-West Africa  The Statute of Westminster  References  Bibliography  External links  

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