::United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

::concepts



{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Anthem
"God Save the King/Queen"
="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
Location of  the United Kingdom in 1921{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & grey)


="2" Capital ="width:50%;" London
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:51|30|N|0|7|W|||

="2" Languages English (official), Scots, Welsh, Irish, Scottish Gaelic ="2" Monarch || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1801–20[a] George III - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1820–30 George IV - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1830–37 William IV - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1837–1901 Victoria - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1901–10 Edward VII - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1910–22[b] George V - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedtoprow" ="2" Legislature Parliament - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Upper house House of Lords - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Lower house House of Commons ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Anglo-Irish Treaty ="vertical-align: bottom;"6 December 1921 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Titles amended ="vertical-align: bottom;"12 April 1927 ="3" Area - class="mergedrow" style="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Total 315,093 km² (121,658 sq mi) - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" ="3" Population ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1801 est. 16,000,000  - class="mergedrow" ="2" {{#invoke:String|rep| |5}}Density ="white-space:nowrap;" 50.8 /km²  (131.5 /sq mi) ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1911 est. 45,370,530  - class="mergedbottomrow" ="2" {{#invoke:String|rep| |5}}Density ="white-space:nowrap;" 144 /km²  (372.9 /sq mi) ="2" Currency Pound sterling ="2" Today part of
="width:1.0em; padding:0.4em 0 0 0.6em;" a. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" ^ Monarch of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760. ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" b. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" ^ Continued as monarch of the United Kingdom and the Irish Free State until 1936.
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

 
Arms of Ireland (historical).svg
1801–1922
 

- class="mergedtoprow" ="3" class="maptable" { style="width:100%; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; background:none;" - ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" [[File:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg|125px|alt=|Flag]] ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" - style="font-size:95%;" style="border:0; text-align:center;" Flag style="border:0; text-align:center;" Royal coat of arms }

name=

}}

Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
History
 •  Acts of Union 1 January 1801
 •  Irish Free State Constitution Act 6 December 1922

{{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}}

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united. In 1922, twenty-six of thirty-two counties of Ireland seceded to form the Irish Free State (later becoming the Republic of Ireland) and, to reflect the change in the United Kingdom's boundaries, the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927 formally amended the name of the UK Parliament to the "Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".

The period began with the newly formed United Kingdom defeating the French Empire in 1814 in the Napoleonic Wars. As a direct result of this, the British Empire became the foremost world power for the next century.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Great Britain and the northeast of Ireland industrialised rapidly, whereas the rest of Ireland did not, deepening economic and social disparities between them. A devastating famine, exacerbated by government inaction in the mid-19th century, led to demographic collapse in much of Ireland, and increased calls for Irish land reform and the devolution of executive power. During and after the Great War, the rise of Irish nationalism and physical force republicanism eventually culminated in the Irish War of Independence, and in 1922 the partition of Ireland between the newly founded Irish Free State and the northeast, which opted to remain part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland.


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sections
Intro  1801 to 1837  Victorian era  Early 20th century  Ireland under the Union  List of monarchs  See also  Notes  References  Sources  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: 1801 to 1837
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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Anthem
"God Save the King/Queen"
="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
Location of  the United Kingdom in 1921{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & grey)


="2" Capital ="width:50%;" London
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:51|30|N|0|7|W|||

="2" Languages English (official), Scots, Welsh, Irish, Scottish Gaelic ="2" Monarch || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1801–20[a] George III - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1820–30 George IV - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1830–37 William IV - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1837–1901 Victoria - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1901–10 Edward VII - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1910–22[b] George V - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedtoprow" ="2" Legislature Parliament - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Upper house House of Lords - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Lower house House of Commons ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Anglo-Irish Treaty ="vertical-align: bottom;"6 December 1921 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Titles amended ="vertical-align: bottom;"12 April 1927 ="3" Area - class="mergedrow" style="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Total 315,093 km² (121,658 sq mi) - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" ="3" Population ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1801 est. 16,000,000  - class="mergedrow" ="2" {{#invoke:String|rep| |5}}Density ="white-space:nowrap;" 50.8 /km²  (131.5 /sq mi) ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1911 est. 45,370,530  - class="mergedbottomrow" ="2" {{#invoke:String|rep| |5}}Density ="white-space:nowrap;" 144 /km²  (372.9 /sq mi) ="2" Currency Pound sterling ="2" Today part of
="width:1.0em; padding:0.4em 0 0 0.6em;" a. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" ^ Monarch of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760. ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" b. ||colspan="2" style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" ^ Continued as monarch of the United Kingdom and the Irish Free State until 1936.
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

 
Arms of Ireland (historical).svg
1801–1922
 

- class="mergedtoprow" ="3" class="maptable" { style="width:100%; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; background:none;" - ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" [[File:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg|125px|alt=|Flag]] ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" - style="font-size:95%;" style="border:0; text-align:center;" Flag style="border:0; text-align:center;" Royal coat of arms }

name=

}}

Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
History
 •  Acts of Union 1 January 1801
 •  Irish Free State Constitution Act 6 December 1922

{{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}}

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united. In 1922, twenty-six of thirty-two counties of Ireland seceded to form the Irish Free State (later becoming the Republic of Ireland) and, to reflect the change in the United Kingdom's boundaries, the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927 formally amended the name of the UK Parliament to the "Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".

The period began with the newly formed United Kingdom defeating the French Empire in 1814 in the Napoleonic Wars. As a direct result of this, the British Empire became the foremost world power for the next century.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Great Britain and the northeast of Ireland industrialised rapidly, whereas the rest of Ireland did not, deepening economic and social disparities between them. A devastating famine, exacerbated by government inaction in the mid-19th century, led to demographic collapse in much of Ireland, and increased calls for Irish land reform and the devolution of executive power. During and after the Great War, the rise of Irish nationalism and physical force republicanism eventually culminated in the Irish War of Independence, and in 1922 the partition of Ireland between the newly founded Irish Free State and the northeast, which opted to remain part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland.


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sections
Intro  1801 to 1837  Victorian era  Early 20th century  Ireland under the Union  List of monarchs  See also  Notes  References  Sources  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: 1801 to 1837
<<>>