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History

Study comparing college revenue per student by tuition and state funding in 2008 dollars.<ref>Delta Cost Project, "Trends in College Spending 1998-2008".</ref>

In medieval Europe, universities were mainly institutions of the Catholic Church. As they mainly trained clergy, most of these universities did not have any need to exact fees from the students{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} with one notable exception: during the 12th century, while under the supervision of Pierre le Mangeur, the University of Paris began collecting two sous weekly in tuition.

Later, the main duty of universities in most Protestant countries was the training of future civil servants. Again, it was not in the interest of the state to charge tuition fees, as this would have decreased the quality of civil servants. On the other hand, the number of students from the lower classes was usually kept in check by the expenses of living during the years of study, although as early as the mid-19th century there were calls for limiting the university entrance by middle-class persons.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} A typical family, however, could not afford educating a child or young adult, even if the education itself was free. A similar situation exists today in many Third World countries, where the expenses of "free" schooling (food, books, school uniform, etc.) prevent some children from attending any school.

After World War II, an enhanced standard of living and the existence of free university education in many countries enabled more working-class youths to receive a degree, resulting in the inflation of education and enlarged middle classes. In countries with tuition fees, similar progress was effected with state study loans, grants, scholarships, the G.I. Bill, and other financial instruments. It has been proposed{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Who |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[who?] }} that the strong class separations visible in British society result from the fact that the expansion of education there has been less efficient than in continental Europe.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}

Since the early 1970s, the average cost of tuition has steadily outpaced the growth of the average American household. Likewise, there has been a steady decrease in federal funding for grants and a rise in the interest rates of most major student loans, leaving many students struggling to pay debt for years after graduation.

College tuition for undocumented students

The Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act is a piece of legislation that is under the Senate floor. The DREAM Act will allow the estimated 50,000 to 65,000 undocumented students in America gain in-state tuition as well as a path towards citizenship. This law will only be applied to those students who have physical proof of being in the United States before the age of 18. This Act has been a large debate for numerous groups, the senate itself, institutions, and families.

As of March 2013, undocumented students are required to pay in between $ 20,000 and $ 35,000 for their local public university. Due to their families' economic status, these tuition amounts have not allowed many of those 50,000 to 65,000 students to receive secondary education. In addition to higher tuition, these students are also unable to receive any federal assistance as they are denied Social Security numbers.<ref>http://orgs.law.ucla.edu/CLLR/Documents/2003/galassi.pdf</ref>


Tuition payments sections
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