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By location Countries such as Chile, the Netherlands, South Africa, the United States and the United Kingdom have “up-front tuition policies."<ref name="Marcucci/Johnstone">Marcucci, Pamela N. and D. Bruce Johnstone, "Tuition Fee Policies in a Comparative Perspective: Theoretical and Political Rationales", Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, Volume 29, Number 1 (2007), pp. 25-40. (Taylor & Francis Online, retrieved 13 March 2012)</ref> These policies generally include a tuition fee that is large enough to give parents and/or guardians "a responsibility to cover some portion of their children’s higher education costs."<ref name="Marcucci/Johnstone"/> This responsibility can make it difficult for a low-income student to attend college without requiring a grant or one or more loans.

Tuition fees in the United Kingdom were introduced in 1998, with a maximum permitted fee of £1,000. Since then, this maximum has been raised to £9,000 in most of the United Kingdom, while Scotland has abolished tuition.

Tuition in the United States is expensive, and it is common for students to enter into extensive debts to pay for it. Tuition is one of the costs of a post-secondary education. The total cost of college is called the cost of attendance (or, informally, the "sticker price") and, in addition to tuition, it can include room and board and fees for facilities such as books, transport and/or commuting provided by the college.

French tuition fees are capped based on the level of education pursued, from 183 Euros per year for undergraduate up to 388 for doctorates. Some public universities have autonomous status, meaning that they can charge much higher tuition, and all private universities charge tuition.


Tuition payments sections
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