::Traffic psychology


Traffic::driving    Behavior::driver    Factors::traffic    Journal::research    First::safety    Speed::aspects

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}} Traffic psychology is a discipline of psychology that studies the relationship between psychological processes and the behavior of road users. In general, traffic psychology aims to apply theoretical aspects of psychology in order to improve traffic mobility by helping to develop and apply accident countermeasures, as well as by guiding desired behaviors through education and the motivation of road users.<ref name=Rothengatter>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref name=Gold>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

Behavior is frequently studied in conjunction with accident research in order to assess causes and differences in accident involvement.<ref name=Rothengatter /> Traffic psychologists distinguish three motivations of driver behavior: reasoned or planned behavior, impulsive or emotional behavior, and habitual behavior. Additionally, social and cognitive applications of psychology are used, such as enforcement, road safety education campaigns, and also therapeutic and rehabilitation programs.<ref name=Gold />

Broad theories of cognition,<ref name=Regan>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }} doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(93)90252-R</ref> sensory-motor and neurological aspects psychology are also applied to the field of traffic psychology. Studies of factors such as attention, memory, spatial cognition, inexperience, stress, inebriation, distracting/ambiguous stimuli, fatigue, and secondary tasks such as phone conversations are used to understand and investigate the experience and actions of road users.<ref name=Gold /><ref name="Groeger">Groeger, J. A. (2000). Understanding driving: Applying cognitive psychology to a complex everyday task. Psychology Press.</ref><ref name="Trick">Trick, L. M., Enns, J. T., Mills, J., & Vavrik, J. (2004). Paying attention behind the wheel: A framework for studying the role of attention in driving. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 5(5), 385-424.</ref>

Traffic psychology sections
Intro  Some definitions  Behavior Research  Accident research   Psychological research   Psychological assessment, counseling, and rehabilitation  Approach  See also  References  Further reading  

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