Tourism::align    Tourism::center    Billion::title    -align::increase    Million::travel    First::world

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A tourist taking photographs and video at archaeological site
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Backpacking tourists in Vienna

Tourism is travel for pleasure; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.<ref></ref> Tourism may be international, or withon the traveller's country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only ", as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".<ref name="unwto1034">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. Tourism can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country's balance of payments. Today, tourism is a major source of income for many countries, and affects the economy of both the source and host countries, in some cases being of vital importance.

Tourism suffered as a result of a strong economic slowdown of the late-2000s recession, between the second half of 2008 and the end of 2009, and the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus,<ref name=Barom2009/><ref name=WTOaugust10/> but slowly recovered. International tourism receipts (the travel item in the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010.<ref name="pr12027"/> International tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone of 1 billion tourists globally for the first time in 2012,<ref name=Barom2012/> the same year in which China became the largest spender in international tourism globally with US$102 billion, surpassing Germany and United States. China and emerging markets such as Russia and Brazil had significantly increased their spending over the previous decade.<ref name=Barom201304>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Tourism sections
Intro  Etymology  Significance of tourism  Definitions  World tourism statistics and rankings  History  Modern day tourism  Recent developments  Growth  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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