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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:Protection banner|main}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use Canadian English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use mdy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|ignoreblank=y | name | official_name | native_name | native_name_lang | other_name | settlement_type | type | translit_lang1 | translit_lang1_type1 | translit_lang1_type | translit_lang1_info | translit_lang1_type2 | translit_lang1_info1 | translit_lang1_type3 | translit_lang1_info2 | translit_lang1_type4 | translit_lang1_info3 | translit_lang1_type5 | translit_lang1_info4 | translit_lang1_type6 | translit_lang1_info5 | translit_lang1_info6 | translit_lang2 | translit_lang2_type1 | translit_lang2_type | translit_lang2_info | translit_lang2_type2 | translit_lang2_info1 | translit_lang2_type3 | translit_lang2_info2 | 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population_urban_footnotes | population_density_urban_km2 | population_density_urban_sq_mi | population_rural_footnotes | population_density_rural_km2 | population_density_rural_sq_mi | population_metro_footnotes | population_density_metro_km2 | population_density_metro_sq_mi | population_blank1_title | population_blank1_footnotes | population_density_blank1_km2 | population_density_blank1_sq_mi | population_blank2_title | population_blank2_footnotes | population_density_blank2_km2 | population_density_blank2_sq_mi | population_note | population_demonym | demographics_type1 | demographics1_footnotes | demographics1_title1 | demographics1_info1 | demographics1_title2 | demographics1_info2 | demographics1_title3 | demographics1_info3 | demographics1_title4 | demographics1_info4 | demographics1_title5 | demographics1_info5 | demographics1_title6 | demographics1_info6 | demographics1_title7 | demographics1_info7 | demographics_type2 | demographics2_footnotes | demographics2_title1 | demographics2_info1 | demographics2_title2 | demographics2_info2 | demographics2_title3 | demographics2_info3 | demographics2_title4 | demographics2_info4 | demographics2_title5 | demographics2_info5 | demographics2_title6 | demographics2_info6 | demographics2_title7 | demographics2_info7 | timezone2 | timezone | timezone1 | utc_offset | utc_offset1 | utc_offset2 | timezone1_DST | timezone_DST | utc_offset1_DST | utc_offset_DST | timezone2_DST | utc_offset2_DST | postal_code_type | postal_code | postal2_code_type | postal2_code | area_code_type | area_code | geocode | iso_code | registration_plate | blank_name | blank_name_sec1 | blank_info | blank_info_sec1 | blank1_name | blank1_name_sec1 | blank1_info | blank1_info_sec1 | blank2_name | blank2_name_sec1 | blank2_info | blank2_info_sec1 | blank3_name | blank3_name_sec1 | blank3_info | blank3_info_sec1 | blank4_name | blank4_name_sec1 | blank4_info | blank4_info_sec1 | blank5_name | blank5_name_sec1 | blank5_info | blank5_info_sec1 | blank6_name | blank6_name_sec1 | blank6_info | blank6_info_sec1 | blank7_name | blank7_name_sec1 | blank7_info | blank7_info_sec1 | blank_name_sec2 | blank_info_sec2 | blank1_name_sec2 | blank1_info_sec2 | blank2_name_sec2 | blank2_info_sec2 | blank3_name_sec2 | blank3_info_sec2 | blank4_name_sec2 | blank4_info_sec2 | blank5_name_sec2 | blank5_info_sec2 | blank6_name_sec2 | blank6_info_sec2 | blank7_name_sec2 | blank7_info_sec2 | website | footnotes }} Toronto ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}) is the most populous city in Canada, and the capital of the province of Ontario. In 2011, Toronto had a population of 2,615,060,<ref name=2011censusCSD>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> making it the fourth most populous city in North America, after Mexico City, New York City, and Los Angeles.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Greater Toronto Area (GTA) is the most populous metropolitan area in Canada with 5,583,064 people living in the census metropolitan area as of 2011.<ref name=2011censusCMA>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Classified as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network,<ref>"What makes a global city?", (2007)</ref> Toronto is a leading international centre of business, finance, arts, and culture.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The area now called Toronto has been inhabited for thousands of years by various Aboriginal peoples.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The urban history of the city dates back to 1787, when British officials negotiated the Toronto Purchase with the Mississaugas of the New Credit.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> They established the Town of York, and later designated it as the capital of Upper Canada.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> During the War of 1812, York was ransacked and heavily damaged by U.S. troops in the Battle of York.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The town was renamed and incorporated as the City of Toronto in 1834, and became the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Toronto has occasionally expanded through amalgamation with surrounding municipalities throughout its history, the results of which can be seen in the 140 independently unique and clearly defined official neighbourhoods that make up the city.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Located in Southern Ontario on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario, Toronto is situated on a broad sloping plateau intersected by a vast network of rivers, deep ravines, and urban forest.<ref>http://www1.toronto.ca/wps/portal/contentonlyvgnextoid=1d66f937de453410VgnVCM10000071d60f89RCRD&vgnextchannel=57a12cc817453410VgnVCM10000071d60f89RCRD</ref> It anchors the Golden Horseshoe, a densely populated region surrounding the western end of Lake Ontario that is home to 8,686,923 people,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> or around 26% of the entire population of Canada.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The cosmopolitan and multicultural demographics of Toronto<ref name=diverse_city>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> reflect its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada.<ref name="toronto_diversity"/> It is one of the world's most diverse cities,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> with about 50% of residents having been born outside of Canada,<ref name="toronto_diversity">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and over 200 distinct ethnic origins represented among its population.<ref name=diverse_city/><ref name=Diversity_Toronto_Facts>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> While English is the primary language spoken by the majority of Torontonians, there are over 160 different languages spoken in the city.<ref name="2011 census: Language">Toronto 2011 census backgrounder: Language</ref>

Toronto is a prominent centre for music,<ref name="Toronto Music">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> theatre,<ref name="Toronto Theatre">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> motion picture production,<ref name="Toronto motion picture production">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and television production,<ref name="Toronto television production">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets.<ref name="Toronto Entertainment and Creative Cluster">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Its varied cultural institutions,<ref name="Toronto Culture and Creativity">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> which include numerous museums, festivals and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, and sports activities,<ref>Cultural Institutions</ref> are key attractions to the over 25 million tourists that visit the city every year.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Toronto is well known for its skyscrapers and high-rise buildings,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> As Canada's commercial capital, the city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the headquarters of Canada's five largest banks,<ref>http://www.fraserinstitute.org/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=2520</ref> and the headquarters of many large Canadian and multinational corporations.<ref>https://www.fraserinstitute.org/uploadedFiles/fraser-ca/Content/research-news/research/articles/corporate-headquarters-in-canada-sept2011.pdf</ref> Its economy is highly diversified with strengths in technology, design, financial services, life sciences, education, arts, fashion, business services, environmental innovation, food services, and tourism.<ref name=TorontoEconomy>City of Toronto (2007) – Toronto economic overview, Key industry clusters. Retrieved March 1, 2015.</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Toronto is placed among the Global Leaders in the Global Financial Centres Index,<ref>Citymayors.com, Toronto Star (2004). Retrieved July 8, 2007.</ref> and is also consistently rated as one of the world's most liveable cities by the Economist Intelligence Unit and the Mercer Quality of Living Survey.<ref name=best>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref name=quality>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Toronto sections
Intro  History  Geography  Cityscape  Culture  Economy  Demographics  Government  Crime  Education  Infrastructure  Notable people  International relations  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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